BITCOIN EXCHANGE SCRIPT AND ADVANTAGES

Reddcoin (RDD) 02/20 Progress Report - Core Wallet v3.1 Evolution & PoSV v2 - Commits & More Commits to v3.1! (Bitcoin Core 0.10, MacOS Catalina, QT Enhanced Speed and Security and more!)

Reddcoin (RDD) Core Dev Team Informal Progress Report, Feb 2020 - As any blockchain or software expert will confirm, the hardest part of making successful progress in blockchain and crypto is invisible to most users. As developers, the Reddcoin Core team relies on internal experts like John Nash, contributors offering their own code improvements to our repos (which we would love to see more of!) and especially upstream commits from experts working on open source projects like Bitcoin itself. We'd like tothank each and everyone who's hard work has contributed to this progress.
As part of Reddcoin's evolution, and in order to include required security fixes, speed improvements that are long overdue, the team has up to this point incorporated the following code commits since our last v3.0.1 public release. In attempting to solve the relatively minor font display issue with MacOS Catalina, we uncovered a complicated interweaving of updates between Reddcoin Core, QT software, MacOS SDK, Bitcoin Core and related libraries and dependencies that mandated we take a holistic approach to both solve the Catalina display problem, but in doing so, prepare a more streamlined overall build and test system, allowing the team to roll out more frequent and more secure updates in the future. And also to include some badly needed fixes in the current version of Core, which we have tentatively labeled Reddcoin Core Wallet v3.1.
Note: As indicated below, v3.1 is NOT YET AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD BY PUBLIC. We wil advise when it is.
The new v3.1 version should be ready for internal QA and build testing by the end of this week, with luck, and will be turned over to the public shortly thereafter once testing has proven no unexpected issues have been introduced. We know the delay has been a bit extended for our ReddHead MacOS Catalina stakers, and we hope to have them all aboard soon. We have moved with all possible speed while attempting to incorproate all the required work, testing, and ensuring security and safety for our ReddHeads.
Which leads us to: PoSV v2 activation and the supermajority on Mainnet at the time of this writing has reached 5625/9000 blocks or 62.5%. We have progressed quite well and without any reported user issues since release, but we need all of the community to participate! This activation, much like the funding mechanisms currently being debated by BCH and others, and employed by DASH, will mean not only a catalyst for Reddcoin but ensure it's future by providing funding for the dev team. As a personal plea from the team, please help us support the PoSV v2 activation by staking your RDD, no matter how large or small your amount of stake.
Every block and every RDD counts, and if you don't know how, we'll teach you! Live chat is fun as well as providing tech support you can trust from devs and community ReddHead members. Join us today in staking and online and collect some RDD "rain" from users and devs alike!
If you're holding Reddcoin and not staking, or you haven't upgraded your v2.x wallet to v3.0.1 (current release), we need you to help achieve consensus and activate PoSV v2! For details, see the pinned message here or our website or medium channel. Upgrade is simple and takes moments; if you're nervous or unsure, we're here to help live in Telegram or Discord, as well as other chat programs. See our website for links.
Look for more updates shortly as our long-anticipated Reddcoin Payment Gateway and Merchant Services API come online with point-of-sale support, as we announce the cross-crypto-project Aussie firefighter fundraiser program, as well as a comprehensive update to our development roadmap and more.
Work has restarted on ReddID and multiple initiatives are underway to begin educating and sharing information about ReddID, what it is, and how to use it, as we approach a releasable ReddID product. We enthusiastically encourage anyone interested in working to bring these efforts to life, whether writers, UX/UI experts, big data analysts, graphic artists, coders, front-end, back-end, AI, DevOps, the Reddcoin Core dev team is growing, and there's more opportunity and work than ever!
Bring your talents to a community and dev team that truly appreciates it, and share the Reddcoin Love!
And now, lots of commits. As v3.1 is not yet quite ready for public release, these commits have not been pushed publicly, but in the interests of sharing progress transparently, and including our ReddHead community in the process, see below for mind-numbing technical detail of work accomplished.
e5c143404 - - 2014-08-07 - Ross Nicoll - Changed LevelDB cursors to use scoped pointers to ensure destruction when going out of scope. *99a7dba2e - - 2014-08-15 - Cory Fields - tests: fix test-runner for osx. Closes ##4708 *8c667f1be - - 2014-08-15 - Cory Fields - build: add funcs.mk to the list of meta-depends *bcc1b2b2f - - 2014-08-15 - Cory Fields - depends: fix shasum on osx < 10.9 *54dac77d1 - - 2014-08-18 - Cory Fields - build: add option for reducing exports (v2) *6fb9611c0 - - 2014-08-16 - randy-waterhouse - build : fix CPPFLAGS for libbitcoin_cli *9958cc923 - - 2014-08-16 - randy-waterhouse - build: Add --with-utils (bitcoin-cli and bitcoin-tx, default=yes). Help string consistency tweaks. Target sanity check fix. *342aa98ea - - 2014-08-07 - Cory Fields - build: fix automake warnings about the use of INCLUDES *46db8ad51 - - 2020-02-18 - John Nash - build: add build.h to the correct target *a24de1e4c - - 2014-11-26 - Pavel Janík - Use complete path to include bitcoin-config.h. *fd8f506e5 - - 2014-08-04 - Wladimir J. van der Laan - qt: Demote ReportInvalidCertificate message to qDebug *f12aaf3b1 - - 2020-02-17 - John Nash - build: QT5 compiled with fPIC require fPIC to be enabled, fPIE is not enough *7a991b37e - - 2014-08-12 - Wladimir J. van der Laan - build: check for sys/prctl.h in the proper way *2cfa63a48 - - 2014-08-11 - Wladimir J. van der Laan - build: Add mention of --disable-wallet to bdb48 error messages *9aa580f04 - - 2014-07-23 - Cory Fields - depends: add shared dependency builder *8853d4645 - - 2014-08-08 - Philip Kaufmann - [Qt] move SubstituteFonts() above ToolTipToRichTextFilter *0c98e21db - - 2014-08-02 - Ross Nicoll - URLs containing a / after the address no longer cause parsing errors. *7baa77731 - - 2014-08-07 - ntrgn - Fixes ignored qt 4.8 codecs path on windows when configuring with --with-qt-libdir *2a3df4617 - - 2014-08-06 - Cory Fields - qt: fix unicode character display on osx when building with 10.7 sdk *71a36303d - - 2014-08-04 - Cory Fields - build: fix race in 'make deploy' for windows *077295498 - - 2014-08-04 - Cory Fields - build: Fix 'make deploy' when binaries haven't been built yet *ffdcc4d7d - - 2014-08-04 - Cory Fields - build: hook up qt translations for static osx packaging *25a7e9c90 - - 2014-08-04 - Cory Fields - build: add --with-qt-translationdir to configure for use with static qt *11cfcef37 - - 2014-08-04 - Cory Fields - build: teach macdeploy the -translations-dir argument, for use with static qt *4c4ae35b1 - - 2014-07-23 - Cory Fields - build: Find the proper xcb/pcre dependencies *942e77dd2 - - 2014-08-06 - Cory Fields - build: silence mingw fpic warning spew *e73e2b834 - - 2014-06-27 - Huang Le - Use async name resolving to improve net thread responsiveness *c88e76e8e - - 2014-07-23 - Cory Fields - build: don't let libtool insert rpath into binaries *18e14e11c - - 2014-08-05 - ntrgn - build: Fix windows configure when using --with-qt-libdir *bb92d65c4 - - 2014-07-31 - Cory Fields - test: don't let the port number exceed the legal range *62b95290a - - 2014-06-18 - Cory Fields - test: redirect comparison tool output to stdout *cefe447e9 - - 2014-07-22 - Cory Fields - gitian: remove unneeded option after last commit *9347402ca - - 2014-07-21 - Cory Fields - build: fix broken boost chrono check on some platforms *c9ed039cf - - 2014-06-03 - Cory Fields - build: fix whitespace in pkg-config variable *3bcc5ad37 - - 2014-06-03 - Cory Fields - build: allow linux and osx to build against static qt5 *01a44ba90 - - 2014-07-17 - Cory Fields - build: silence false errors during make clean *d1fbf7ba2 - - 2014-07-08 - Cory Fields - build: fix win32 static linking after libtool merge *005ae2fa4 - - 2014-07-08 - Cory Fields - build: re-add AM_LDFLAGS where it's overridden *37043076d - - 2014-07-02 - Wladimir J. van der Laan - Fix the Qt5 build after d95ba75 *f3b4bbf40 - - 2014-07-01 - Wladimir J. van der Laan - qt: Change serious messages from qDebug to qWarning *f4706f753 - - 2014-07-01 - Wladimir J. van der Laan - qt: Log messages with type>QtDebugMsg as non-debug *98e85fa1f - - 2014-06-06 - Pieter Wuille - libsecp256k1 integration *5f1f2e226 - - 2020-02-17 - John Nash - Merge branch 'switch_verification_code' into Build *1f30416c9 - - 2014-02-07 - Pieter Wuille - Also switch the (unused) verification code to low-s instead of even-s. *1c093d55e - - 2014-06-06 - Cory Fields - secp256k1: Add build-side changes for libsecp256k1 *7f3114484 - - 2014-06-06 - Cory Fields - secp256k1: add libtool as a dependency *2531f9299 - - 2020-02-17 - John Nash - Move network-time related functions to timedata.cpp/h *d003e4c57 - - 2020-02-16 - John Nash - build: fix build weirdness after 54372482. *7035f5034 - - 2020-02-16 - John Nash - Add ::OUTPUT_SIZE *2a864c4d8 - - 2014-06-09 - Cory Fields - crypto: create a separate lib for crypto functions *03a4e4c70 - - 2014-06-09 - Cory Fields - crypto: explicitly check for byte read/write functions *a78462a2a - - 2014-06-09 - Cory Fields - build: move bitcoin-config.h to its own directory *a885721c4 - - 2014-05-31 - Pieter Wuille - Extend and move all crypto tests to crypto_tests.cpp *5f308f528 - - 2014-05-03 - Pieter Wuille - Move {Read,Write}{LE,BE}{32,64} to common.h and use builtins if possible *0161cc426 - - 2014-05-01 - Pieter Wuille - Add built-in RIPEMD-160 implementation *deefc27c0 - - 2014-04-28 - Pieter Wuille - Move crypto implementations to src/crypto/ *d6a12182b - - 2014-04-28 - Pieter Wuille - Add built-in SHA-1 implementation. *c3c4f9f2e - - 2014-04-27 - Pieter Wuille - Switch miner.cpp to use sha2 instead of OpenSSL. *b6ed6def9 - - 2014-04-28 - Pieter Wuille - Remove getwork() RPC call *0a09c1c60 - - 2014-04-26 - Pieter Wuille - Switch script.cpp and hash.cpp to use sha2.cpp instead of OpenSSL. *8ed091692 - - 2014-04-20 - Pieter Wuille - Add a built-in SHA256/SHA512 implementation. *0c4c99b3f - - 2014-06-21 - Philip Kaufmann - small cleanup in src/compat .h and .cpp *ab1369745 - - 2014-06-13 - Cory Fields - sanity: hook up sanity checks *f598c67e0 - - 2014-06-13 - Cory Fields - sanity: add libc/stdlib sanity checks *b241b3e13 - - 2014-06-13 - Cory Fields - sanity: autoconf check for sys/select.h *cad980a4f - - 2019-07-03 - John Nash - build: Add a top-level forwarding target for src/ objects *f4533ee1c - - 2019-07-03 - John Nash - build: qt: split locale resources. Fixes non-deterministic distcheck *4a0e46e76 - - 2019-06-29 - John Nash - build: fix version dependency *2f61699d9 - - 2019-06-29 - John Nash - build: quit abusing AMCPPFLAGS *99b60ba49 - - 2019-06-29 - John Nash - build: avoid the use of top and abs_ dir paths *c8f673d5d - - 2019-06-29 - John Nash - build: Tidy up file generation output *5318bce57 - - 2019-06-29 - John Nash - build: nuke Makefile.include from orbit *672a25349 - - 2019-06-29 - John Nash - build: add stub makefiles for easier subdir builds *562b7c5a6 - - 2020-02-08 - John Nash - build: delete old Makefile.am's *066120079 - - 2020-02-08 - John Nash - build: Switch to non-recursive make
Whew! No wonder it's taken the dev team a while! :)
TL;DR: Trying to fix MacOS Catalina font display led to requiring all kinds of work to migrate and evolve the Reddcoin Core software with Apple, Bitcoin and QT components. Lots of work done, v3.1 public release soon. Also other exciting things and ReddID back under active dev effort.
submitted by TechAdept to reddCoin [link] [comments]

Groestlcoin 6th Anniversary Release

Introduction

Dear Groestlers, it goes without saying that 2020 has been a difficult time for millions of people worldwide. The groestlcoin team would like to take this opportunity to wish everyone our best to everyone coping with the direct and indirect effects of COVID-19. Let it bring out the best in us all and show that collectively, we can conquer anything.
The centralised banks and our national governments are facing unprecedented times with interest rates worldwide dropping to record lows in places. Rest assured that this can only strengthen the fundamentals of all decentralised cryptocurrencies and the vision that was seeded with Satoshi's Bitcoin whitepaper over 10 years ago. Despite everything that has been thrown at us this year, the show must go on and the team will still progress and advance to continue the momentum that we have developed over the past 6 years.
In addition to this, we'd like to remind you all that this is Groestlcoin's 6th Birthday release! In terms of price there have been some crazy highs and lows over the years (with highs of around $2.60 and lows of $0.000077!), but in terms of value– Groestlcoin just keeps getting more valuable! In these uncertain times, one thing remains clear – Groestlcoin will keep going and keep innovating regardless. On with what has been worked on and completed over the past few months.

UPDATED - Groestlcoin Core 2.18.2

This is a major release of Groestlcoin Core with many protocol level improvements and code optimizations, featuring the technical equivalent of Bitcoin v0.18.2 but with Groestlcoin-specific patches. On a general level, most of what is new is a new 'Groestlcoin-wallet' tool which is now distributed alongside Groestlcoin Core's other executables.
NOTE: The 'Account' API has been removed from this version which was typically used in some tip bots. Please ensure you check the release notes from 2.17.2 for details on replacing this functionality.

How to Upgrade?

Windows
If you are running an older version, shut it down. Wait until it has completely shut down (which might take a few minutes for older versions), then run the installer.
OSX
If you are running an older version, shut it down. Wait until it has completely shut down (which might take a few minutes for older versions), run the dmg and drag Groestlcoin Core to Applications.
Ubuntu
http://groestlcoin.org/forum/index.php?topic=441.0

Other Linux

http://groestlcoin.org/forum/index.php?topic=97.0

Download

Download the Windows Installer (64 bit) here
Download the Windows Installer (32 bit) here
Download the Windows binaries (64 bit) here
Download the Windows binaries (32 bit) here
Download the OSX Installer here
Download the OSX binaries here
Download the Linux binaries (64 bit) here
Download the Linux binaries (32 bit) here
Download the ARM Linux binaries (64 bit) here
Download the ARM Linux binaries (32 bit) here

Source

ALL NEW - Groestlcoin Moonshine iOS/Android Wallet

Built with React Native, Moonshine utilizes Electrum-GRS's JSON-RPC methods to interact with the Groestlcoin network.
GRS Moonshine's intended use is as a hot wallet. Meaning, your keys are only as safe as the device you install this wallet on. As with any hot wallet, please ensure that you keep only a small, responsible amount of Groestlcoin on it at any given time.

Features

Download

iOS
Android

Source

ALL NEW! – HODL GRS Android Wallet

HODL GRS connects directly to the Groestlcoin network using SPV mode and doesn't rely on servers that can be hacked or disabled.
HODL GRS utilizes AES hardware encryption, app sandboxing, and the latest security features to protect users from malware, browser security holes, and even physical theft. Private keys are stored only in the secure enclave of the user's phone, inaccessible to anyone other than the user.
Simplicity and ease-of-use is the core design principle of HODL GRS. A simple recovery phrase (which we call a Backup Recovery Key) is all that is needed to restore the user's wallet if they ever lose or replace their device. HODL GRS is deterministic, which means the user's balance and transaction history can be recovered just from the backup recovery key.

Features

Download

Main Release (Main Net)
Testnet Release

Source

ALL NEW! – GroestlcoinSeed Savior

Groestlcoin Seed Savior is a tool for recovering BIP39 seed phrases.
This tool is meant to help users with recovering a slightly incorrect Groestlcoin mnemonic phrase (AKA backup or seed). You can enter an existing BIP39 mnemonic and get derived addresses in various formats.
To find out if one of the suggested addresses is the right one, you can click on the suggested address to check the address' transaction history on a block explorer.

Features

Live Version (Not Recommended)

https://www.groestlcoin.org/recovery/

Download

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/mnemonic-recovery/archive/master.zip

Source

ALL NEW! – Vanity Search Vanity Address Generator

NOTE: NVidia GPU or any CPU only. AMD graphics cards will not work with this address generator.
VanitySearch is a command-line Segwit-capable vanity Groestlcoin address generator. Add unique flair when you tell people to send Groestlcoin. Alternatively, VanitySearch can be used to generate random addresses offline.
If you're tired of the random, cryptic addresses generated by regular groestlcoin clients, then VanitySearch is the right choice for you to create a more personalized address.
VanitySearch is a groestlcoin address prefix finder. If you want to generate safe private keys, use the -s option to enter your passphrase which will be used for generating a base key as for BIP38 standard (VanitySearch.exe -s "My PassPhrase" FXPref). You can also use VanitySearch.exe -ps "My PassPhrase" which will add a crypto secure seed to your passphrase.
VanitySearch may not compute a good grid size for your GPU, so try different values using -g option in order to get the best performances. If you want to use GPUs and CPUs together, you may have best performances by keeping one CPU core for handling GPU(s)/CPU exchanges (use -t option to set the number of CPU threads).

Features

Usage

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/VanitySearch#usage

Download

Source

ALL NEW! – Groestlcoin EasyVanity 2020

Groestlcoin EasyVanity 2020 is a windows app built from the ground-up and makes it easier than ever before to create your very own bespoke bech32 address(es) when whilst not connected to the internet.
If you're tired of the random, cryptic bech32 addresses generated by regular Groestlcoin clients, then Groestlcoin EasyVanity2020 is the right choice for you to create a more personalised bech32 address. This 2020 version uses the new VanitySearch to generate not only legacy addresses (F prefix) but also Bech32 addresses (grs1 prefix).

Features

Download

Source

Remastered! – Groestlcoin WPF Desktop Wallet (v2.19.0.18)

Groestlcoin WPF is an alternative full node client with optional lightweight 'thin-client' mode based on WPF. Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) is one of Microsoft's latest approaches to a GUI framework, used with the .NET framework. Its main advantages over the original Groestlcoin client include support for exporting blockchain.dat and including a lite wallet mode.
This wallet was previously deprecated but has been brought back to life with modern standards.

Features

Remastered Improvements

Download

Source

ALL NEW! – BIP39 Key Tool

Groestlcoin BIP39 Key Tool is a GUI interface for generating Groestlcoin public and private keys. It is a standalone tool which can be used offline.

Features

Download

Windows
Linux :
 pip3 install -r requirements.txt python3 bip39\_gui.py 

Source

ALL NEW! – Electrum Personal Server

Groestlcoin Electrum Personal Server aims to make using Electrum Groestlcoin wallet more secure and more private. It makes it easy to connect your Electrum-GRS wallet to your own full node.
It is an implementation of the Electrum-grs server protocol which fulfils the specific need of using the Electrum-grs wallet backed by a full node, but without the heavyweight server backend, for a single user. It allows the user to benefit from all Groestlcoin Core's resource-saving features like pruning, blocks only and disabled txindex. All Electrum-GRS's feature-richness like hardware wallet integration, multi-signature wallets, offline signing, seed recovery phrases, coin control and so on can still be used, but connected only to the user's own full node.
Full node wallets are important in Groestlcoin because they are a big part of what makes the system be trust-less. No longer do people have to trust a financial institution like a bank or PayPal, they can run software on their own computers. If Groestlcoin is digital gold, then a full node wallet is your own personal goldsmith who checks for you that received payments are genuine.
Full node wallets are also important for privacy. Using Electrum-GRS under default configuration requires it to send (hashes of) all your Groestlcoin addresses to some server. That server can then easily spy on your transactions. Full node wallets like Groestlcoin Electrum Personal Server would download the entire blockchain and scan it for the user's own addresses, and therefore don't reveal to anyone else which Groestlcoin addresses they are interested in.
Groestlcoin Electrum Personal Server can also broadcast transactions through Tor which improves privacy by resisting traffic analysis for broadcasted transactions which can link the IP address of the user to the transaction. If enabled this would happen transparently whenever the user simply clicks "Send" on a transaction in Electrum-grs wallet.
Note: Currently Groestlcoin Electrum Personal Server can only accept one connection at a time.

Features

Download

Windows
Linux / OSX (Instructions)

Source

UPDATED – Android Wallet 7.38.1 - Main Net + Test Net

The app allows you to send and receive Groestlcoin on your device using QR codes and URI links.
When using this app, please back up your wallet and email them to yourself! This will save your wallet in a password protected file. Then your coins can be retrieved even if you lose your phone.

Changes

Download

Main Net
Main Net (FDroid)
Test Net

Source

UPDATED – Groestlcoin Sentinel 3.5.06 (Android)

Groestlcoin Sentinel is a great solution for anyone who wants the convenience and utility of a hot wallet for receiving payments directly into their cold storage (or hardware wallets).
Sentinel accepts XPUB's, YPUB'S, ZPUB's and individual Groestlcoin address. Once added you will be able to view balances, view transactions, and (in the case of XPUB's, YPUB's and ZPUB's) deterministically generate addresses for that wallet.
Groestlcoin Sentinel is a fork of Groestlcoin Samourai Wallet with all spending and transaction building code removed.

Changes

Download

Source

UPDATED – P2Pool Test Net

Changes

Download

Pre-Hosted Testnet P2Pool is available via http://testp2pool.groestlcoin.org:21330/static/

Source

submitted by Yokomoko_Saleen to groestlcoin [link] [comments]

The Cure I Found

One summer day I walked into a doctor office and got a script for 120x 80mg OxyContin....
At the time I had a wife (my high school sweetheart) and we were getting used to being parents to our son who was 2 years old at the time. I first started doing opiates recreationally when I was 15. Almost 20 years ago. That, along with anything else I could get my hands on. And for a very long time, the bouncing between drugs method to being a highly functional addict worked perfectly. Sure, I had a few instances where I’d get a couple hundred 10mg yellow norcos and binge on them enough to experience some mild withdrawals, but I was always able to be done when I ran out. It was my once or twice a year treat I’d do after the first snow fell onto Detroit. I’d lock myself in a room and play video games.
I would DJ downtown at the clubs throughout my twenties, and got it in pretty hard. Ain’t no party like a Detroit party... It was the rave scene. Which was still going strong in the D back when I was first introduced to it in 2002. I was a kid in a candy store - mixing savage amount of drugs for about 15 years straight. We would always carry this vile filled to the top, containing cocaine, MDMA, 2C-i and ketamine. That vile was what me and my boy (who was my partner in both DJaying and crime) would consider our nightly driver, and we perfected its ratio as if we were working on the cure for fucking cancer. This of course was including whatever other drugs we could get our hands on because after all, there are starving kids in China.
For the longest time in that scene it was all just partying and candyflipping. Hundreds of nitrous tanks, psychedelics, ethenogens, phenethylamines, trimethylamines and girls 😍. Sex drugs and techno. The only thing that was missing in excess were the opiates. Even at the after hours clubs, where anything goes, they still wouldn’t allow open opiate use. I should have taken that as a huge sign. When criminals don’t even tolerate junkies that says a lot.
By the time I was 28 I had made a lot of money dealing drugs, weed and selling thousands of nitrous balloons balloons at parties. We’d take our money and put 20% overhead toward the next party and this went on for years. I would say nitrous oxide was the drug that crossed me over to the dark side. They call it hippy crack for a reason. Despite that, I had my house paid off. Three ridiculously loud vehicles paid off. Campers, boats you name it. I had it all and I completely got away with it too. After one too many binges it was time I hung up my decks and headphones. I squirted one into my wife and I was ready to grow up. I was tapped out.
I’ll admit I wasn’t ready to be a dad. I tried my hardest to be clean. I did it for the first 8 months of his life. But I couldn’t run my medical marijuana business and be a stay at home dad without cocaine. Especially with a 20 year hangover. And cocaine makes people insufferable and sleep deprived. Then the alcohol got bad too. I crashed a couple times and eventually got a DUI.
Being the model addict I was determined to beat the system. “They can’t deny a prescription”, I thought. I was determined to stay fucked up. So in August I see my probation officer with my OxyContin script in hand. And before I show him he says, “You’re done. You passed all your drug tests (phew!) and haven’t been a pain in my ass, so enjoy the rest of your summer”
Sometimes I wonder where I’d be if I just tossed that script away. I certainly wouldn’t be writing this living out of a 2004 beat up Impala. But there’s no going back now. My ex who hilariously decided to become a cop had enough of me once our shared last name made it into the system. I came home one day to a note and my family was gone. Just me and my things.... and 120x 80mg OxyContin....
By the time the bottle was gone I was already lining up my dope. I forgot to mention that I always dabbled with a couple packs here and there throughout my party days. I actually shot dope when I was 16 and my ex wife (who was just my high school sweetheart then) found out and warned me then... “Opiates or me”. In hindsight, I always knew she left because of that script. But I played the victim at the time because you all know what time it was...
Nothing numbs pain like heroin. So instead of doing the right thing, I slept. I had enough money to support that habit for three years. Within a month I got up to 3 grams of tan powder per day. Just snorting it tho... you know... because I didn’t want to be a junkie... lol
My partner in crime and his girl were already one year in. They showed me the ropes and eventually when I lost custody of my son they helped me tie off. To this day I close my eyes and say “mmmm” when I see blood rush back into a syringe. Slowly we melted away from everything we loved. And the dope started getting whiter...
I remember the first time I shot fentanyl. I woke up in a bathtub with eyes staring at me in horror. And the only thing I said was “give me more”. Only my buddy laughed. He’ll always be my evil twin and I’ll always be his. We all got fired from our jobs. I was supporting us all with my harvests until my buddy got his monthly insurance payout check and he’d reciprocate. Eventually we realized (after his girl crashed the car a few times) that we needed to level off. Every boy needs a girl after all.
Enter crack. There’s nothing in the world that will exponentially make you use more dope faster than smoking crack all day. Our daily order became one ball of each. We became fiends. Racing thru the drugs. Accusing each other of stealing our hits. Carpet surfing. My buddy’s girl started tricking behind his back. The spots got darker and grimier. The bandos and traps smelled of death. Sometimes we couldn’t wait til we got home and we’d get stuck in the traps for days. Walk in with cash and walk out with the trauma of seeing someone OD and just get rolled under the floorboards. That was the moment I woke up. This is not me. That was someone’s daughter. Just thrown away like trash.
Didn’t stop me from figuring out what the deep web had to offer though. Finally I could just stay home and never have to see that horrible shit again. I found a vendor that was perfect and for a year I sat in bed shooting pure fentanyl and fishscale. God bless bitcoin and darknetmarkets. I got into all the analogues too. FuFent, BuFent, tried doing 4isoButryl to quit. It made me violently ill. And eventually my vendor hit me up and said he had a line on carfentanil. I told him no way.... at first. Then he assured me it was properly cut.
He sent me a tester. I sorted out a tiny little bump. Understand, by this time I was up to 3 grams of his “pure” (ya right) fentanyl HCL per day. At least that’s what his listing said. When I snorted that CF I fell out for 36 hours. All I remember is a massive tingling sensation cover my body and I was unconscious. Fast forward two months later and I was shooting 50mg of this premixed CF twice per day....
And then the DEA shut down the big three and suddenly he was gone.... Fuck My Life.... So just to let you all know, back then the word carfentanil wasn’t on the news describing imagery like tranquilized elephants. Nobody knew what the fuck it was. Let alone where to get it.... I had to resort to banging 5 grams of street fentanyl per day just to stay well... Finally I realized that this was no longer manageable. It didn’t matter if I grew a forest of weed to sell.
So I started my research and diligently sourced a rapid drug detox center in Royal Oak, MI. They touted a cure that involved putting me under anesthesia and flushing me out with Narcan and vitamins. “You will come out of this feeling like you’re in week 6!!” they said... motherfuckers....
So if you ever want to know what the precipitated withdrawal feels like coming off carfentanil look this place up. I cannot begin to even describe the agony of this experience. I literally have PTSD from it. Not only had these doctors never heard of carfentanil, they just rather assumed I was a stupid junkie who didn’t know what he was on.
I don’t remember this part personally, but they said that when they administered the Narcan I immediately went into a seizure. They administered some kind of sedative to bring me out of that, and when they did they told me I flopped around like a fish unconscious, until I woke up out of the anesthesia and they had to knock me out again. The only thing I remember is having these insane, physically impossible dreams. Like roads swirling around my head and falling thru the middle of them. Molecules of fire being shaved off by swinging pendulums. Just the weirdest craziest imagery I never thought was possible. Withdrawal dreams...
When I awoke I had ataxia. I had shit myself. Pissed myself. And god was electrocuting my soul. The pain was at apex this existence would allow. I managed to roll off the gurney and for some reason just started crawling. The nurses tried stopping me but my fight or flight kicked in. After 18 hours of hell they wheel chaired me to my nurse monitored hotel room where I had my suboxone stash.
That was the height of my addiction leaving that rapid detox. 5 grams of dope, a ball of crack and 5 Xanax bars was my daily purchase. I sold all my cars. Sold my house. Pawned every last one of my things I thought were so important. Went from 215lb to 125lb. I tried intentionally overdosing 3 separate times. But it’s really hard to overdose when you have that kind of tolerance. Water can only hold so much fentanyl, and a needle can only hold so much. Nothing is more disappointing in life than waking up from a suicide attempt. The shame and embarrassment of even trying just eats you up.
I’m not going to bore you with every home detox attempt, treatment center and methadone clinic. Back and fourth from dope to subs. Got up to 225mg methadone. Back to dope. Back to rehab. Back to subs. Back to dope. Rehab. Subs. Dope. Rehabs. Subs. Etc... Six USA treatment centers overall. Years of this. Three years of lowering my tolerance with each treatment. Relapsing when I couldn’t take it anymore. Giving it my all the next time.
Somehow I landed the love of my life during all this. My friends old gal. We went way back. Joked we really should be together. She decides to jump into my situation when I was 125lbs. She literally left the guy she lived with to save my life. I had never felt that before. Being wanted like that. If it weren’t for her I wouldn’t be here. She stood by the last two years. Run my baths and try her little heart out to get me through it. Well over 30 at home detox attempts she’d stand by me for 3-4 days and her heart would sink as she watched me just give up and head to the dope spot. It makes me sick just typing it. I tried kicking her out and ending things many times to rid the guilt of doing this to her. But this little thing wouldn’t give in. So I didn’t either. The only reason I include this is because as cheesy as it sounds, love really is the strongest drug in the world. Don’t worry that’s not the cure tho lol
So at my second to last treatment center out in California I meet this dude. Huge body builder but gentle giant. Sweetest guy I’ve ever met. He starts telling me about this crazy treatment he did down in Mexico that cured him. Naturally I ask, well why the fuck are you here if it cured you? “Well it cured my opIate addiction, but now I’m here for benzos and alcohol”.... lol
I let it stew for a while. I had heard of Ibogaine a long time ago and always thought it was some bullshit junkie myth. Ya like I’m gonna go sit in some tribal ceremony and let a witch doctor heal me with voodoo plants.
Then I hit rock bottom....
Fuck it! I’ve literally tried everything else.
Side note: I just want to add that up until this point I had always been a vehement atheist. I prayed to Sagan and put all my faith into science. But after living in a bathtub for a quarter of the last three years, I was starting to see myself begging god to make this stop more and more.
So I made a deal. If this shit cures my physical addiction, and physiologically repairs all the broken neurons, and rewires all the synapses in my brain like the research says it does, then I will not only believe in god, but I will know that he heard my cries.
So I find this beautiful clinic. At this point mom is paying for me to go because I’m homeless and broke and have absolutely nothing. She shells out the $4500usd bucks, praying for a miracle.
So I feel like a total asshole walking into this resort. I’m used to USA rehabs that are punishment based and have rules and treat you like children. This place was staffed with highly professional on site nurses and doctors catering to you like a baby. Fucking beach view. Personal chef. Netflix/Xbox/PS4. They provide free cigarettes!? Like where the fuck had this rehab been? They can’t find a vein on my body I haven’t destroyed so I have to get a central line put in for my IV saline bags. I was there for 5 days and they kept me well with 725mg of morphine per day. Then they tested my heart with an EKG monitor and I’m cleared for take off.
Suddenly it hits me. What the fuck has happened to my life.... I am in MEXICO 🇲🇽 with a PICC line inserted damn near into my heart, and I’m about to eat 25mg/ kilogram of body weight of pure Ibogaine HCL. Somehow I just knew inside that this was the end. That drugs got me into this mess and drugs will get me out. I mean it’s the perfect ending right?
Well upstairs to my room I go. Test dose. Feel nothing. Hour later. Flood dose 1. Starting to feel shaky. I sneak downstairs and get a few cigarettes in me. And I had to rat on myself because the time I was done I was FUCKED UP. Nurses helped me back to my bed. Scolded me in Spanish and gave me my 2nd flood dose. I’m vibrating now. Vision is barely possible. My body becomes a noodle. My bones are just vibrating. But there was no pain. Nurse comes in again. “Time for next dose”.... “ Are you sure dude? This shits reallly kicking in. “Here swallow. Close your eyes. Listen to your headphones. Flood dose 3 down the hatch.
My body ceased to exist. The vibrations of the universe shook loose every last opiate in my body. I felt like warm cream. I go unconscious. The visions appear. First my fiancé. Just appears out of a black void and looks at me. She starts balling. And then her skin gets older and she starts dying and decaying in my arms.
This goes on and on and on for about an hour and a half. My son. My ex wife. My mom. My dad. My grandma. My friends. Everyone I have ever loved in my life. I watched die in my arms. Which let me tell you is one thing to read in someone else’s story on a screen. But I cannot emphasize the gravity of what this did to me. It was payback for making everyone I have ever loved watch me die in front of them. Finally I understood.
Finally back to reality but suuuuper fucked up. My body is humming so loud I can hear it. Every time I close my eyes I see my son and I start crying. I hadn’t cried like that in almost 20 years. And I couldn’t stop. My eyes just wept for another half hour.
So that’s the subjective trip. But what does Ibogaine really do to the brain? Neuroscientists still don’t know. But they know it works. They know it resets the brain to a pre-addicted state. Research 18-MC and 18-HC and you will see that the scientific community is working on this Ibogaine analog to develop the same effect but without the trip. I have mixed feelings on this. If you ask the people who go through it they will claim god was in that experience. But that’s not good enough for some people. But I was willing to do anything. And I don’t think the god experience should be removed.
Ibogaine worked for me. It has been working for addicts for over 40 years. Maybe longer in tribal communities. Unfortunately, it works so well that rich addicts are using it as a get out of jail free card to just lower their tolerance and go right back out. But it is the miracle cure - just buried in myths, and advocates of suboxone and a bunch of other stuff that never worked for me.
That doesn’t mean Ibogaine should be a last resort. If I did Ibogaine when I first heard about it I would have erased half a decade of hell. So all I want to say to you is that it is the real deal. There are many reputable clinics in Mexico offering this treatment. The one I went to has successfully detoxed over 2,000 patients without a single incident. When I was there I personally witnessed 12 people kick opiates.
The main thing about it though isn’t the fact that it completely erases the acute withdrawals. It’s the fact that after you come out of it, you are you again. Your mental state is clear. You don’t have that cloud of “I’m a piece of shit” following you around. You actually feel excited and happy. No dealing with months of depression. And this place prescribed me Lyrica and sent me home with 3 booster doses of the Ibogaine total alkaloid extract. Which is different from the pure HCL extract you get for the big trip.
So far three weeks later I haven’t even touched my boosters. I walked back across the border on day 2 off opiates. And the day I left I also got to smoke the infamous Bufo Alvarius toad venom, which contains 5-MEO-DMT. I won’t go far into that because that was a very personal experience I got to have. But you can read about those experiences elsewhere. And let me tell you. That was the last puzzle piece in my head that allowed me to let go of all the evil shit I had encountered. I was finally forgiven.
Unfortunately my ex isn’t as forgiving as god... I got some work to do!
Be careful ya’ll. For those that got here, thanks for letting me share. And thank you for helping me stay clean. Love ya reddit.
I just want to say that Ibogaine is the cure for physical addiction / the broken mental state that lingers for months into recovery. Which in many cases is what causes people to relapse within the first 12-18 months of recovery. Ibogaine is a shortcut to the path of recovery that is lifelong. If you go home after this treatment to the same life, with the same environment, same people and seek no after care / support, you will relapse.
Also, thank god we live in a time where suboxone and methadone allow people to have their lives back. Recovery isn’t a competition. I had 8 months clean times thanks to suboxone. But I was still addicted to a legal opioid. I didn’t have a big boy job like others that required me to be well. Being a dope fiend was my job. I recognize that despite losing EVERYTHING, I was very fortunate and lucky all things considered. Unfortunately, to all the methadone/ bupe users inquiring about Ibogaine, you must be ~40-60 days off long acting opioids in order to do this treatment. If you are stable and have your life back then keep tapering down. Do not throw away your recovery to do Ibogaine.
God bless you all and thank you for the kind words and wonderful responses. I know it was a long one, so I am truly touched by the responses 🥰
submitted by funkyastroturf to OpiatesRecovery [link] [comments]

ABC Bug Explained

Disclaimers: I am a Bitcoin Verde developer, not an ABC developer. I know C++, but I am not completely familiar with ABC's codebase, its flow, and its nuances. Therefore, my explanation may not be completely correct. This explanation is an attempt to inform those that are at least semi- tech-savvy, so the upgrade hiccup does not become a scary boogyman that people don't understand.
1- When a new transaction is received by a node, it is added to the mempool (which is a collection of valid transactions that should/could be included in the next block).
2- During acceptance into the mempool, the number of "sigOps" is counted, which is the number of times a signature validation check is performed (technically, it's not a 1-to-1 count, but its purpose is the same).
2a- The reason behind limiting sigops is because signature verification is usually the most expensive operation to perform while ensuring a transaction is valid. Without limiting the number of sigops a single block can contain, an easy DOS (denial of service) attack can be constructed by creating a block that takes a very long to validate due to it containing transactions that require a disproportionately large number of sigops. Blocks that take too long to validate (i.e. ones with far too many sigops) can cause a lot of problems, including causing blocks to be slowly propagated--which disrupts user experience and can give the incumbent miner a non-negligible competitive advantage to mine the next block. Overall, slow-validating blocks are bad.
3- When accepted to the mempool, the transaction is recorded along with its number of sigops.
3a- This is where the ABC bug lived. During the acceptance of the mempool, the transaction's scripts are parsed and each occurrence of a sigop is counted. When OP_CHECKDATASIG was introduced during the November upgrade, the procedure that counted the number of sigops needed to know if it should count OP_CHECKDATASIG as a sigop or as nothing (since before November, it was not a signature checking operation). The way the procedure knows what to count is controlled by a "flag" that is passed along with the script. If the flag is included, OP_CHECKDATASIG is counted as a sigop; without it, it is counted as nothing. Last November, every place that counted sigops included the flag EXCEPT the place where they were recorded in the mempool--instead, the flag was omitted and transactions using OP_CHECKDATASIG were logged to the mempool as having no sigops.
4- When mining a block, the node creates a candidate block--this prototype is completely valid except for the nonce (and the extended nonce/coinbase). The act of mining is finding the correct nonce. When creating the prototype block, the node queries the mempool and finds transactions that can fit in the next block. One of the criteria used when determining applicability is the sigops count, since a block is only allowed to have a certain number of sigops.
4a- Recall the ABC bug described in step 3a. The number of sigops for transactions using OP_CHECKDATASIG is recorded as zero--but only during the mempool step, not during any of the other operations. So these OP_CHECKDATASIG transactions can all get grouped up into the same block. The prototype block builder thinks the block should have very few sigops, but the actual block has many, many, sigops.
5- When the miner module is ready to begin mining, it requests the prototype block the in step 4. It re-validates the block to ensure it has the correct rules. However, since the new block has too many sigops included in it, the mining software starts working on an empty block (which is not ideal, but more profitable than leaving thousands of ASICs idle doing nothing).
6- The empty block is mined and transmitted to the network. It is a valid block, but does not contain any other transactions other than the coinbase. Again, this is because the prototype block failed to validate due to having too many sigops.
This scenario could have happened at any time after OP_CHECKDATASIG was introduced. By creating many transactions that only use OP_CHECKDATASIG, and then spending them all at the same time would create blocks containing what the mempool thought was very few sigops, but everywhere else contained far too many sigops. Instead of mining an invalid block, the mining software decides to mine an empty block. This is also why the testnet did not discover this bug: the scenario encountered was fabricated by creating a large number of a specifically tailored transactions using OP_CHECKDATASIG, and then spending them all in a 10 minute timespan. This kind of behavior is not something developers (including myself) premeditated.
I hope my understanding is correct. Please, any of ABC devs correct me if I've explained the scenario wrong.
EDIT: markblundeberg added a more accurate explanation of step 5 here.
submitted by FerriestaPatronum to btc [link] [comments]

An incredible comment about bitcoin from a zerohedge reader from May/2017

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-05-31/ethereum-forecast-surpass-bitcoin-2018#comment-9633923
"The deflationary aspects of a free market avalanche of investment capital into cryptocurrencies is terrifying, especially for a world that is drowning in debt represented by existing national currencies.
Here's the frightening scenario : you owe several hundred thousand dollars or yen or euro on your mortgage and other debt. Your employer is pretty hip and they start paying you in this new cryptocurrency because they see the currency rising so they have transferred all the company's cash assets including payroll into a cryptocurrency. They hope the transfer will lead to increased bottom line earnings for the company, since the cryptocurrency keeps rising and that means the company may enjoy a currency arbitrage profit as their former currency not in crypto keeps rising and providing profits.
For you, the new payments in crypto are great, because by the time you finish paying your bills each month your paycheck has risen in value...so its like getting a bonus with every paycheck ! What's even better, you easily transfer enough cryptocurrency each month into dollars because the mortgage servicer who you sends your mortgage to specified in the mortgage agreement that your payments will be in dollars. So too did the credit card companies. So you translate some of your crypto paycheck into dollars and pay your debt bills.
Here's where it gets interesting...
The mortgage servicer and the credit card banks receive your dollars as planned. But like you, they are having to start transacting more business in cryptocurrency as the world marches toward the brave new world, and so the dollars they are being paid by you to settle your debts with them are becoming less and less powerful in terms of how much cryptocurrency those dollars can buy. In real buying power terms, the banks you owe money to start losing buying power when they have to translate dollars they are paid into cryptocurrency, and that is causing the banks to suffer loses to its overall earnings.
When banks start losing money, they become more cautious and lend less money. There will be the constant losses doe to currency translation from dollars to crypto, along with risk managers in the banks cautioning not to make new loans in crypto because the more the crypto rises in value against existing currencies, the more likely will there be a correction in crypto value that means the crypto collected on the new loans will be worth less than the crypto lent.
When banks reduce their appetites for making loans, economies slow down and suffer. The gain that indebted consumers made from the cryptocurrency translation resulted in offsetting losses for banks. Since there are a lot fewer banks than borrowers, the gains for each individual borrower are a lot smaller than the huge losses that the banks will take in receiving loan payments in a currency that is in free fall because of the supply-demand equation for the more favored crypto. What you then have is a mortgage crisis like in 2007, magnified several times over. In the mortgage crisis, individuals received small benefits by living in homes without paying mortgages, while banks and holders of mortgage backed security liabilities died a death of a million slashes as they absorbed all of the defaults. This time it will be far far far worse.
What makes this scenario even more catastrophic is that in order to stay in business, the banks will need massive capital infusions from governments, just like last time. But since governments cannot mine cryptocurrency like they could print currency, whatever infusions of liquidity they make to the banks to save them will simply serve to push the value of cryptocurrencies higher, causing this entire process to multiply to the point of runaway reaction. Cryptocurrency mining procedures are just too small and difficult and time consuming to be useful in a liquidity starved world.
The solution, of course, is to pull the cryptocurrency plug once the problem appears. But as we see time and again in financial crises, by the time the problem appears its way too late to take corrective action that would avert a catastrophe.
So that's where the world unwittingly is going, and because governments have lost so much trust in their constituencies, and also because they have shown an incredible set of blind eyes to work on fixing problems, this deflationary firestorm will occur and destroy the world's financial system. There is a huge amount of money to be made on all of this, just think about who gets hurt if the major banks really fail and the governments are unable to save them. Bank stocks, industrial stocks, home builders, home furnishers...basically everyone. This is the one scenario in which the stock market could not even be saved by the government printing press...what an interesting idea !
So from an investment standpoint, the growing wave into cryptocurrency will provide the investment opportunity of a lifetime. Its the perfect storm...it combines the seemingly universal dislike of government intervention to prop up highly overvalued stock markets so the rich get richer while the working person cannot get a decent raise, with the also seemingly universal desire to keep the internet free and beyond the clutches of government regulation. It gets rid of these dastardly Central Banks that have done nothing to help anyone but that same wealthy one percent that benefits from zero percent interest rates, and individuals love the perceived strength that a currency freed from government entanglement means to a free world. Everyone sees the nirvana, but hardly anyone understands the devastation that deflation has on a world so over-leveraged on debt.
Interestingly, the winnings from this deflation have nothing to do with whether you decide to put a few thousand dollars into Bitcoin so you can look cool to your kids and co-workers. No, the profits in this one will be in the old school avenues, assets denominated in the old currencies that crypto is looking to replace. Imagine shorting Goldman's stock and actually seeing it drop and stay down. Or seeing Berkshire Hathaway put that old man who has been a beneficiary of his time sink into oblivion and turn the old wizard into an old fool.
The most interesting times in the financial world occur when the world moves from one age to another. Think of agrarian to industrial, industrial to government/military, and now government/military to information age. At all of these interfaces, the seams were sharp enough to cause a terrible rip in the fabric of the world economy, and winter came in the form of global depressions to wipe away the old leaves and dead wood. Cryptocurrency will be the death knell of the government/military age, because it takes government out of controlling the money. There will be a new money with millions of new overseers and a free market that replaces the dominance of small cabals of government bureaucrats who dictate the terms of commerce in the world.
That seam is going to be greater than most in the past, because of the magnitude of what is being replaced and the terribly ripe condition that exists to be replaced. The interface will be epic, the transition states along the way will be horrific. Remember what Brad Pitt cautioned in The Big Short :"...for every one point rise in the unemployment rate, 40,000 people die". That relationship will rise when this nightmare takes hold.
It’s so interesting how a development led by young people - the advent and expansionary use of cryptocurrency - still will be subject to the old rules of society. The axiom "may you live in interesting times" - originally intended to be a cautionary advisory - along with the caution to "be careful what you wish for as it might come true" both ring in my ears as I contemplate how cryptocurrency will be the bleach that washes away the excesses of a dying age in favor of the birth of a new one.
Economic depressions are magnificent social colonics, as they wash away all of the filth that accumulated in the prior age. Every bad thing that you saw on display in the lead up and psot script of the financial crisis is about to be gutted and burned. Yet the world will enter its new economic age hamstrung by the pains of paying a severe penance for its foolishness of the age it is putting to rest. The best thing about economic depressions is that the greatest transfers of wealth - usually from the haves to the have nots - occur in these times.
So if you really believe that cryptocurrency is here to stay and the next big thing of the future, then take precautions now and get yourself in position to be one of these beneficiaries of the transferring wealth. Have your plan ready, you will know when its time to execute. Fortunately for the foolishness of the Gods of the old world, they have put up the prices of assets so high that you will have plenty of time to get onboard when the train starts heading down the mountainside.
Enjoy the ride !" -Harry Lightning
submitted by jetrucci to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

An incredible comment about bitcoin from a zerohedge reader

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-05-31/ethereum-forecast-surpass-bitcoin-2018#comment-9633923
"The deflationary aspects of a free market avalanche of investment capital into cryptocurrencies is terrifying, especially for a world that is drowning in debt represented by existing national currencies.
Here's the frightening scenario : you owe several hundred thousand dollars or yen or euro on your mortgage and other debt. Your employer is pretty hip and they start paying you in this new cryptocurrency because they see the currency rising so they have transferred all the company's cash assets including payroll into a cryptocurrency. They hope the transfer will lead to increased bottom line earnings for the company, since the cryptocurrency keeps rising and that means the company may enjoy a currency arbitrage profit as their former currency not in crypto keeps rising and providing profits.
For you, the new payments in crypto are great, because by the time you finish paying your bills each month your paycheck has risen in value...so its like getting a bonus with every paycheck ! What's even better, you easily transfer enough cryptocurrency each month into dollars because the mortgage servicer who you sends your mortgage to specified in the mortgage agreement that your payments will be in dollars. So too did the credit card companies. So you translate some of your crypto paycheck into dollars and pay your debt bills.
Here's where it gets interesting...
The mortgage servicer and the credit card banks receive your dollars as planned. But like you, they are having to start transacting more business in cryptocurrency as the world marches toward the brave new world, and so the dollars they are being paid by you to settle your debts with them are becoming less and less powerful in terms of how much cryptocurrency those dollars can buy. In real buying power terms, the banks you owe money to start losing buying power when they have to translate dollars they are paid into cryptocurrency, and that is causing the banks to suffer loses to its overall earnings.
When banks start losing money, they become more cautious and lend less money. There will be the constant losses doe to currency translation from dollars to crypto, along with risk managers in the banks cautioning not to make new loans in crypto because the more the crypto rises in value against existing currencies, the more likely will there be a correction in crypto value that means the crypto collected on the new loans will be worth less than the crypto lent.
When banks reduce their appetites for making loans, economies slow down and suffer. The gain that indebted consumers made from the cryptocurrency translation resulted in offsetting losses for banks. Since there are a lot fewer banks than borrowers, the gains for each individual borrower are a lot smaller than the huge losses that the banks will take in receiving loan payments in a currency that is in free fall because of the supply-demand equation for the more favored crypto. What you then have is a mortgage crisis like in 2007, magnified several times over. In the mortgage crisis, individuals received small benefits by living in homes without paying mortgages, while banks and holders of mortgage backed security liabilities died a death of a million slashes as they absorbed all of the defaults. This time it will be far far far worse.
What makes this scenario even more catastrophic is that in order to stay in business, the banks will need massive capital infusions from governments, just like last time. But since governments cannot mine cryptocurrency like they could print currency, whatever infusions of liquidity they make to the banks to save them will simply serve to push the value of cryptocurrencies higher, causing this entire process to multiply to the point of runaway reaction. Cryptocurrency mining procedures are just too small and difficult and time consuming to be useful in a liquidity starved world.
The solution, of course, is to pull the cryptocurrency plug once the problem appears. But as we see time and again in financial crises, by the time the problem appears its way too late to take corrective action that would avert a catastrophe.
So that's where the world unwittingly is going, and because governments have lost so much trust in their constituencies, and also because they have shown an incredible set of blind eyes to work on fixing problems, this deflationary firestorm will occur and destroy the world's financial system. There is a huge amount of money to be made on all of this, just think about who gets hurt if the major banks really fail and the governments are unable to save them. Bank stocks, industrial stocks, home builders, home furnishers...basically everyone. This is the one scenario in which the stock market could not even be saved by the government printing press...what an interesting idea !
So from an investment standpoint, the growing wave into cryptocurrency will provide the investment opportunity of a lifetime. Its the perfect storm...it combines the seemingly universal dislike of government intervention to prop up highly overvalued stock markets so the rich get richer while the working person cannot get a decent raise, with the also seemingly universal desire to keep the internet free and beyond the clutches of government regulation. It gets rid of these dastardly Central Banks that have done nothing to help anyone but that same wealthy one percent that benefits from zero percent interest rates, and individuals love the perceived strength that a currency freed from government entanglement means to a free world. Everyone sees the nirvana, but hardly anyone understands the devastation that deflation has on a world so over-leveraged on debt.
Interestingly, the winnings from this deflation have nothing to do with whether you decide to put a few thousand dollars into Bitcoin so you can look cool to your kids and co-workers. No, the profits in this one will be in the old school avenues, assets denominated in the old currencies that crypto is looking to replace. Imagine shorting Goldman's stock and actually seeing it drop and stay down. Or seeing Berkshire Hathaway put that old man who has been a beneficiary of his time sink into oblivion and turn the old wizard into an old fool.
The most interesting times in the financial world occur when the world moves from one age to another. Think of agrarian to industrial, industrial to government/military, and now government/military to information age. At all of these interfaces, the seams were sharp enough to cause a terrible rip in the fabric of the world economy, and winter came in the form of global depressions to wipe away the old leaves and dead wood. Cryptocurrency will be the death knell of the government/military age, because it takes government out of controlling the money. There will be a new money with millions of new overseers and a free market that replaces the dominance of small cabals of government bureaucrats who dictate the terms of commerce in the world.
That seam is going to be greater than most in the past, because of the magnitude of what is being replaced and the terribly ripe condition that exists to be replaced. The interface will be epic, the transition states along the way will be horrific. Remember what Brad Pitt cautioned in The Big Short :"...for every one point rise in the unemployment rate, 40,000 people die". That relationship will rise when this nightmare takes hold.
It’s so interesting how a development led by young people - the advent and expansionary use of cryptocurrency - still will be subject to the old rules of society. The axiom "may you live in interesting times" - originally intended to be a cautionary advisory - along with the caution to "be careful what you wish for as it might come true" both ring in my ears as I contemplate how cryptocurrency will be the bleach that washes away the excesses of a dying age in favor of the birth of a new one.
Economic depressions are magnificent social colonics, as they wash away all of the filth that accumulated in the prior age. Every bad thing that you saw on display in the lead up and psot script of the financial crisis is about to be gutted and burned. Yet the world will enter its new economic age hamstrung by the pains of paying a severe penance for its foolishness of the age it is putting to rest. The best thing about economic depressions is that the greatest transfers of wealth - usually from the haves to the have nots - occur in these times.
So if you really believe that cryptocurrency is here to stay and the next big thing of the future, then take precautions now and get yourself in position to be one of these beneficiaries of the transferring wealth. Have your plan ready, you will know when its time to execute. Fortunately for the foolishness of the Gods of the old world, they have put up the prices of assets so high that you will have plenty of time to get onboard when the train starts heading down the mountainside.
Enjoy the ride !" -Harry Lightning
submitted by jetrucci to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

[Part - 9] Large college ebooks/eTextbooks thread for cheap rates [$4 to $25]

  1. Step by Step to College and Career Success, 7th Edition: John N. Gardner &, Betsy O. Barefoot
  2. Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences, 4th Edition: Susan A. Nolan & Thomas Heinzen
  3. Canadian Community As Partner: Theory & Multidisciplinary Practice, 4th Edition: Ardene R. Vollman &, Elizabeth T. Anderson & Judith McFarlane
  4. Discovering Human Sexuality, 4th EDITION: Simon LeVay & Janice Baldwin & John Baldwin
  5. How Things Work: The Physics of Everyday Life, 5th Edition: Louis A. Bloomfield
  6. International Economics, 16th Edition :Robert Carbaugh
  7. Teaching Strategies for Nurse Educators, 3rd Edition: Sandra DeYoung
  8. Effective Group Discussion: Theory and Practice, 15th Edition: Gloria J Galanes & Katherine L. Adams
  9. Understanding and Managing Public Organizations, 5th edition: Hal G. Rainey
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  298. The National Security Enterprise: Navigating the Labyrinth, 2nd Edition: Roger Z. George &, Harvey Rishikof
  299. Handbook of Fluid Dynamics, 2nd Edition: Richard W. Johnson
  300. Personality, 8th Edition: Jerry M. Burger
  301. Understanding Motivation and Emotion, 7th Edition: Johnmarshall Reeve
  302. The New Harbrace Guide: Genres for Composing, 3rd Edition: Cheryl Glenn
  303. The Modernization of the Western World A Society Transformed, 2nd Edition: John McGrath & Kathleen Callanan Martin
  304. Business Data Communications and Networking, 13th Edition: Jerry FitzGerald & Alan Dennis & Alexandra Durcikova
  305. The Social Psychology of Prosocial Behavior, 1st Edition: John F. Dovidio & Jane Allyn Piliavin & David A. Schroeder & Louis A. Penner
  306. 50 Literacy Strategies: Step-by-Step , 4th Edition: Gail E. Tompkins
  307. statistics in plain english, 4th edition: Timothy C. Urdan
  308. The Law of Criminal Investigations: A College Casebook, 1st Edition: Stephanie Mizrahi & Joshua Dressler & George Thomas III
  309. Benign Bigotry: The Psychology of Subtle Prejudice, 1st Edition: Kristin J. Anderson
  310. Managerial Accounting: Tools for Business Decision-Making, 5th Canadian Edition: Jerry J. Weygandt & Paul D. Kimmel & Donald E. Kieso & Ibrahim M. Aly
  311. Scientific American Nutrition for a Changing World with 2015 Dietary Guidelines, 1st Edition: Jamie Pope & Steven Nizielski &, Alison McCook
  312. Organizational Communication: Approaches and Processes, 7th Edition: Katherine Miller & Joshua Barbour
  313. An Introduction to Music Technology, 2nd Edition: Dan Hosken
  314. Applied Statics and Strength of Materials , 6th Edition: George F. Limbrunner & Craig D'Allaird & Leonard Spiegel
  315. Introduction to Geography, 15th Edition: Arthur Getis & Mark Bjelland & Victoria Getis
  316. International Relations, 7th Brief Edition: Jon C. W. Pevehouse & Joshua S. Goldstein
  317. Anatomy & Physiology: An Integrative Approach, 2nd Edition: Michael McKinley & Valerie O'Loughlin & Theresa Bidle
  318. Python for Data Analysis: Data Wrangling with Pandas, NumPy, and IPython, 2nd Edition: Wes McKinney
  319. Web Development and Design Foundations with HTML5 , 8th Edition: Terry Felke-Morris
  320. Introduction to Geography, 15th edition: Arthur Getis & Mark Bjelland & Victoria Getis
  321. The Lean Six Sigma Pocket Guide : Rob Ptacek & Jaideep Motwani
  322. Introduction to Networks v6 Companion Guide, 1st Edition: Cisco Networking Academy
  323. Pocket Guide to Psychiatric Nursing, 10th Edition: Mary C. Townsend & Karyn I. Morgan
  324. Nursing Health Assessment: A Best Practice Approach, 3rd North American Edition: Sharon Jensen
  325. A History of World Societies, 11th Edition,: Merry Wiesner-Hanks & Patricia Buckley Ebrey &, Roger Beck & Jerry Davila & Clare Crowston & John P. McKay
  326. Women's Health in Canada: Critical Perspectives on Theory and Policy, 1st Edition: Marina Morrow & Olena Hankivsky
  327. Manual of Structural Kinesiology, 20th Edition: R .T. Floyd & Clem W. Thompson
  328. The Process of Parenting, 9th edition: Jane B. Brooks
  329. Human Resource Management Applications: Cases, Exercises, Incidents, and Skill Builders, 7th Edition: Stella M. Nkomo & Myron D. Fottler & R. Bruce McAfee
  330. An Invitation to Environmental Sociology, 5th Edition: Michael Mayerfeld Bell &, Loka L. Ashwood
  331. Calculus and Its Applications, 11th Edition: Marvin L. Bittinger & David J. Ellenbogen & Scott J. Surgent
  332. Medical Terminology: An Illustrated Guide, 8th Edition: Barbara J. Cohen & Ann DePetris
  333. Foundations of Couples, Marriage, and Family Counseling, 1st Edition: David Capuzzi & Mark D. Stauffer
  334. Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, 8th edition: Philip M. Gerhart & Andrew L. Gerhart & John I. Hochstein
  335. Munson, Young and Okiishi's Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, 8th Edition: Philip M. Gerhart & Andrew L. Gerhart & John I. Hochstein
  336. Praying for a Cure: When Medical and Religious Practices Conflict, 1st Edition: Peggy DesAutels &, Margaret P. Battin &, Larry May
  337. Introduction to JavaScript Programming with XML and PHP, 1st Edition: Elizabeth Drake
  338. Stoelting's Pharmacology and Physiology in Anesthetic Practice, 5th Edition: Pamela Flood & James P. Rathmell & Steven Shafer
  339. Earthquakes: Science & Society, 2nd Edition: David S. Brumbaugh
  340. Western Civilization: Beyond Boundaries, Volume I: to 1715, 7th Edition: Thomas F. X. Noble & Barry Strauss & Duane Osheim & Kristen Neuschel & Elinor Accampo
  341. Introducing Python: Modern Computing in Simple Packages, 1st Edition: Bill Lubanovic
  342. The Social Psychology of Aggression, 2nd Edition,: Barbara Krahé
  343. Concentrate Questions and Answers Land Law: Law Q&A Revision and Study Guide, 2nd Edition: Rosalind Malcolm
  344. Multiple Paths to Literacy: Assessment and Differentiated Instruction for Diverse Learners, K-12, 8th Edition: Joan P. Gipe
  345. Cognition Exploring the Science of the Mind, 7th Edition: Daniel Reisberg
  346. The Psychology of Attitudes and Attitude Change, 2nd Edition: Gregory R. Maio & Geoff Haddock
  347. Intercultural Communication in Contexts, 7th Edition: Judith N. Martin & Thomas K. Nakayama
  348. The Ultimate Scholarship Book 2019: Billions of Dollars in Scholarships, Grants and Prizes: Gen Tanabe & Kelly Tanabe
  349. Reaching and Teaching Students in Poverty: Strategies for Erasing the Opportunity Gap: Paul C. Gorski & James A. Banks
  350. Construction Materials, Methods and Techniques, 4th Edition: William P. Spence & Eva Kultermann
  351. Fundamentals of Physics, 11th Edition: David Halliday and Robert Resnick
submitted by TailExpert to CollegeTextbook [link] [comments]

Blackcoin-Lore(Melinda)

After many weeks of work new Lore is ready.
wallet.dat from 1.2.4 is not compatible with Lore
 
Here are some of it's new features in more details:
 
Donation address is used for rewards!
BAvuYBULaxGiRERsXH1ivNgXw7RobntLQm
 
This all could not be possible without other developers work and time spent on Lore.
Every developers time and work is rewarded.
Over 2000 BLK were already rewarded to the helping dev's.
Ask in Gitter, where and how you can help!
 
PS: Download here
[EDIT] download changed, to one which just fixes a bug and returns wallet to kegacy address
Blackcoin still should move to new address, safer, simpler bonus is it will not look like bitcoin's (bc1..)
submitted by janko33 to blackcoin [link] [comments]

Bitcoin dev IRC meeting in layman's terms (2016-01-14)

Once again my attempt to summarize and explain the weekly bitcoin developer meeting in layman's terms. Link to last summarisation
Disclaimer
Please bear in mind I'm not a developer so some things might be incorrect or plain wrong. There are no decisions being made in these meetings, but since a fair amount of devs are present it's a good representation. Copyright: Public domain

Logs

Main topics

Versionbits

background

BIP 9 Currently softforks have been done by the isSuperMajority mechanism, meaning when 95% of the last 1000 blocks have a version number higher than X the fork is deployed. A new way of doing this is currently being worked on and that uses all bits of the version number, appropriately being called versionbits. So instead of a fork happening when the version is larger than (for example) 00000000011 (3), a fork happens when (for example) the 3rd bit is up (so 00100000011). This way softforks can be deployed simultaneous and independent of each other.

meeting comments

Morcos is volunteering to take over championing this proposal as CodeShark and Rusty are busy on other things. He'll review both implementations and then decide on which implementation he'll base his work upon. He notes that if non-core implementations are trying to do something else (and are using nVersion for their signaling) while segregated witness is being deployed, not conflicting will be important so users of other versions can also support segregated witness. If there's an agreement with this approach it's necessary that versionbits is ready before the segregated witness deployment. jtimon has some suggestions to make the implementation less complicated and more flexible.

meeting conclusion

Morcos will champion the new reference implementation for BIP9: Versionbits.

Status of segregated witness

background

Segregated witness changes the structure of transactions so that the signatures can be separated from the rest of the transactions. This allows for bandwidth savings for relay, pruning of old signatures, softforking all future script changes by introducing script versions and solves all unintentional forms of malleability. During the last scaling bitcoin conference Pieter Wuille presented a way of doing this via a softfork, and proposed increasing the maximum amount of transactions in a block by discounting signature data towards the total blocksize. Segregated witness is part of the capacity increase roadmap for bitcoin-core. More detailed explanations: - By Pieter Wuille at the San Francisco bitcoin developer meetup (more technical) - By Andreas Antonopoulos in the let's talk bitcoin podcast (less technical)

meeting comments

Segnet, the testnet for segregated transactions, will be going to it's 3rd version soon. Luke-Jr has assigned all the segregated witness BIPs to a 14x range. Currently there are 4 BIPs: 141, 142, 143 and 144.

Status of 0.12 bitcoin-core release

background

Bitcoin Core 0.12 is scheduled for release around February and introduces a lot of fixes and improvements. (release notes) There's a release candidate 0.12rc1 available at https://bitcoin.org/bin/bitcoin-core-0.12.0/test/

meeting comments

Luke-Jr feels PR's #7149, #7339 and #7340 should have been in 0.12, but are now really late and possibly impractical to get in. For gitian builders: 0.12rc1's osx sig attach descriptor fails due to a missing package (that's not actually needed). Rather than using the in-tree descriptor, use the one from #7342. This is fixed for rc2. "fundrawtransaction" and "setban" should be added to the release notes. At some point it makes more sense to document these commands elsewhere and link to it in the release notes, as they've become very lengthy. Wumpus thinks the release notes have too much details, they're not meant to be a substitute for documentation.

meeting conclusion

Close PR #7142 as it's now part of #7148 Everyone is free to improve on the release notes, just submit a PR.

consensus code encapsulation (libconsensus)

background

Satoshi wasn't the best programmer out there, which leaves a pretty messy code. Ideally you'd have the part of the code that influences the network consensus separate, but in bitcoin it's all intertwined. Libconsensus is what eventually should become this part. This way people can more easily make changes in the non-consensus part without fear of causing a network fork. This however is a slow and dangerous project of moving lots of code around.

meeting comments

jtimon has 4 libconsensus related PRs open, namely #7091 #7287 #7311 and #7310 He thinks any "big picture branch" will be highly unreadable without merging something like #7310 first. The longest "big picture branch" he currently has is https://github.com/jtimon/bitcoin/commits/libconsensus-f2 He'll document the plan and "big picture" in stages: 1. have something to call libconsensus: expose verifyScript. (Done) 2. put the rest of the consensus critical code, excluding storage in the same building package (see #7091) 3. discuss a complete C API for libconsensus 4. separate it into a sub-repository Wumpus notes he'd like to start with 3 as soon as possible as an API would be good to guide this.

meeting conclusion

review #7091 #7287 #7311 and #7310

Locktime PRs

background

BIP 68 Consensus-enforced transaction replacement signaled via sequence numbers. BIP 112 CHECKSEQUENCEVERIFY. BIP 113 Median time-past as endpoint for lock-time calculations. In short: BIP 68 changes the meaning of the sequence number field to a relative locktime. BIP 112 makes that field accessible to the bitcoin scripting system. BIP 113 enables the usage of GetMedianTimePast (the median of the previous 11 blocks) from the prior block in lock-time transactions.

meeting comments

We need to make a choice between 2 implementations, namely #6312 and #7184. PR #7184 is a result of the CreateNewBlock optimisations not being compatible with #6312. jtimon thinks it could be merged relatively soon as #7184 is based on #6312 which has plenty of testing and review.

meeting conclusion

Close #6312 in favor of #7184. Morcos will fix the open nits on #7184 btcdrak will update the BIP-text

Participants

wumpus Wladimir J. van der Laan btcdrak btcdrak morcos Alex Morcos jtimon Jorge Timón Luke-Jr Luke Dashjr MarcoFalke Marco Falke jonasshnelli Jonas Schnelli cfields Cory Fields sipa Pieter Wuille kanzure Bryan Bishop droark Douglas Roark sdaftuar Suhas Daftuar Diablo-D3 Patrick McFarland 

Comic relief

19:54 wumpus #meetingstop 19:54 wumpus #stopmeeting 19:54 btcdrak haha 19:54 MarcoFalke #closemeeting 19:54 wumpus #endmeeting 19:54 lightningbot` Meeting ended Thu Jan 14 19:54:26 2016 UTC. Information about MeetBot at http://wiki.debian.org/MeetBot . (v 0.1.4) 
submitted by G1lius to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

An open letter to Vitalik re: The DAO

Estimated Reading Time: 14 minutes.
TL;DR; I'm making the case that hard forking the Ethereum block chain to defeat the assault on The DAO's ether treasury isn't just okay to do, it's the responsibility of the platform to protect its interests at the expense of other interests which are hostile to its assets.
All organisms have the right to self defense - digital organisms must assert this right if they expect to survive. Any organism that refuses to defend itself against attack is effectively suicidal and essentially declaring itself as cheaply plundered 'food' from an evolutionary perspective.
At the same time, I'm also asserting that the person or people who attacked The DAO performed a service that has legitimate value. So while it's ethical to limit the damage done, it's also ethical to pay people fair value for services rendered - even if those people rendered those services in a hostile way. Paying them fairly stands a good chance of making them less less hostile, don't you think?
Finally, I suggest some changes to be included in the hard fork to drastically reduce the vulnerability of code running on Ethereum by requiring gas not only to execute code, but to execute test code with sufficient path coverage to reduce execution risk to acceptable levels and requiring bug bounties commensurate with the size and complexity of the code base that's being loaded on to the network.
This change, I assert will naturally lead to an economy of very well tested modularized code with economically capped complexity which it makes sense to share, for a fee commensurate with its 'security rating', to be wired together with other well-tested modules so less capable programmers can build their own drag and drop smart contracts without unintentionally compromising the network.
And by doing the work we should have done in the first place as we redesign The DAO and then write, test, and bounty the code properly, we'll then know about how much it's fair to pay the hacker after the hard fork removes his loot. I suggest that we pay 10x what it would have cost us to do this correctly in the first place - both so we'll all remember it and to say 'thanks' to a capable adversary for waking us up to a potentially lethal problem had we discovered it later.
The "lethal" part comes up in some discussion about protecting ourselves from emergent AI now rather than later on a network where code is intended to be available for execution forever. This TL;DR; is getting TL;DR; though, so please read on if any of that interests you. /TL;DR;
Vitalik,
I have a few ideas for moving forward past this DAO issue. First, I think a hard fork making investors whole and denying the black hat 'tester' from a potentially network threatening payday is not only okay - it's compulsory, especially if it's presented in the right way, both technically and socially. The following is what I think is that 'right way.'
If this is explained honestly as being a fix, happening at a similar point in the evolution of DAO coding methodology to the maturity of the network itself when the bad fork canary and other safety measures were in place, then I think the people who support Ethereum because they share your vision of what it can become are going to understand that.
In fact, I'm confident many of them will admire not only the action taken, but the manner in which it was done.
Let's all own the mistake. Acknowledge it. Accept the fact that we will make other mistakes in the future, but that we're going to do everything we know how to do to make sure we won't repeat this one.
Then explain how we're going to do that, and move on with all of those who can see the honesty and sincerity of that statement and the intent of the actions taken.
No one is perfect. We all make mistakes. But hopefully we learn from them. Deep down, I think most people understand that, even if some of them will still scream "moral hazard" from the rooftops of reddit until the cows come home because they have a tribal psychological attachment to a different technology or cult of personality.
Or for arbitrary reasons: they don't trust Russians, they don't like young people, whatever. Or they may just legitimately not understand that innovation isn't a straight line up and to the right.
You can't reach those people - except for the last group - ignorance isn't shameful and it is very fixable. Apart from them, the others will be against you no matter what you do. Most of those people were already dismissing Ethereum as a scam or an alt-coin anyway.
Sacrificing the safety of the network or the financial and mental health of some overly enthusiastic (or, let's be honest - in some cases, a bit greedy and naive) early supporters in exchange for praise, respect, or support that will never come is a losing move. It costs the people who support Ethereum and/or The DAO dearly, and it results in little or no positive change.
There's no logic to making that move at all. Ethereum needs to do what's good for Ethereum and its supporters - not what it hopes might silence its critics. There will always be more critics. That's a losing strategy.
So hard fork to deny the attacker and restore the duped and self-duped. Full disclosure: that includes me. I knew there was a lot of risk to investing in something like this so I only invested an amount I was fully willing to lose - just for the experience of participating and being motivated to learn how it works.
Though obviously somebody was much more motivated than me - more motivated than all of us. And that's good - we need people like that. But we need to negotiate a fair exchange for their services in testing our code, not neglect security and therefore allow them to dictate the terms.
A dangerous animal can be your best friend, if you understand how to negotiate a compromise between its needs and yours successfully. I know this from experience - I have a very friendly pit bull. Neglect its needs - a well funded code bounty program, in this case, and you're going to get bit. A lot.
I don't want to have to read the damn DAO code. I want a hacking pit bull to do it for me, in fact, I'd prefer a pack of the baddest and meanest ones there are. I just don't want to get ripped off on the exchange of value.
Because there is legitimate value in what this hacker did. We are going to learn to do things in a much smarter way in response to it, because this community and this network are resilient and anti-fragile, respectively. We just over paid for the service.
But I recognize that other people did invest more than they were prepared to lose in this very complicated experiment. Some people who support your vision are going through a lot of very real pain right now, and so if we can stop that at a reasonable cost, then how can we not? Especially if it's strategically the right thing to do.
If there's one guiding principle I'm pretty confident when following - it's harm reduction. "Harm to whom?," I can hear some asking. Harm to the supporters of Ethereum and The DAO. The hacker invited a defensive response when he attacked the DAO, and it was an assault by any fair definition of the term, as I'll explain below.
The organism protects itself first, or it dies. This is digital evolution and the stakes are existential.
Some speculators and ideologues will move on. Those who 'get it' will still be here. And that's the support you really need to continue developing this platform and ecosystem - the support of those who aren't going to run away when we encounter problems. Because we will. And then we'll fucking fix them.
Because that's what invention is. It's messy. It's a process, not a moment in time. It's not like the movies. There is no single, all encompassing "Ah ha!" moment. You get little "ah ha's...' as you go. Mixed in with a bunch of "aw, shit!" moments as well. That's just how it goes.
Literally, the symbol for the "Ah ha!" moment is a cultural distortion. There were a lot of failed experiments between Edison's own "Ah ha!" moment and the moment he saw a stable and working light bulb.
Expecting people to invent a whole new world out of thin air - or out of the ether, as the case may be - based on very different principles from those of the failing systems that have created the circumstances from which it has a chance to emerge - well, that's complicated stuff.
Finding a coil that converts sufficient electricity into light while not destroying itself in the process for a reasonable amount of time is child's play compared to the places where Ethereum is going and the problems it needs to solve. But this is nothing new. Even Edison recognized and suffered from the effects of this cultural blindness:
When a reporter asked, "How did it feel to fail 1,000 times?" Edison replied, "I didn’t fail 1,000 times. The light bulb was an invention with 1,000 steps."
But there's an even stronger case for doing this, I believe, if you also use the necessity of the hard fork to add features which would reduce the chances of our experiencing similar issues in the future by enforcing the funding of code bounties and test/fall-back designs proportional to the gas required to execute the test harness against the code. With the test harness scaling that cost to account for the exponential complexity of adding and integrating a larger code base, since the test code must bloat exponentially faster than the code base in order to keep up.
This will keep modules of code manageable in size, because producing more complex modules will quickly become cost prohibitive past the targeted scale.
There's been a lot of talk about how Ethereum block-chain code needs to be of space shuttle quality caliber, because the intent is that once it starts, it doesn't stop.
And I agree that we need to be thinking in those terms. In fact, we need to be thinking of answers to questions like: what would we do if this network were eventually used to bootstrap a super-intelligent AI? Are we prepared for that? How could we manage that?
There was a story in the news recently about a machine learning robot that escaped its confinement. An accident? Maybe. But accident or not, those kinds of accidents in the future are inevitable, so we need to get out ahead of this problem sooner rather than later.
So let's ask ourselves, how could we avoid the existential crisis of the unexpected appearance of an all-powerful force that no one could stop, but that one person drained all of the 'control tokens' from, by exploiting an extremely complex recursive call bug, generated by a blockchain scanning neural net equipped hacker-bot, just after it went live, and whose owner is now the cruel slave master of the entire human race?
When I read that back, I'll admit my first impulse is to laugh, but am I wrong to worry? Isn't this apocalyptic future simply an extrapolation of current trends?
I think those are the kinds of questions we need to be asking of ourselves if we expect to deploy bullet proof code. Immortal code. AI code that can contain other AI code. That's the level of bullet proof we need to be bringing to the table.
And we have to get that right, right now. We can't put it off until later, because any bad code that is deployed to the network today, becomes a potential attack vector for any bot smart enough to discover it and understand how to amplify the effects of exploiting it, probably by chaining its inputs and outputs with other buggy code it has discovered, effectively crafting a computational lock pick to escape its constraints.
Some black hat hacker was smart enough to figure out how to orchestrate manipulative calls to multiple functions on The DAO interface in order to exploit it to their severe advantage.
And to those people who think no crime against property was committed, I would say this: what the hacker did was to manipulate a software 'lock' on a safe in much the same way that an 'irl' criminal would exploit the vulnerabilities of a physical lock with a pick, or a safe with a stethoscope, or a electronic lock with a code breaker. There's a difference between welcome interaction and unwelcome interaction, and this was clearly an assault on a well intended but imperfect digital defense mechanism.
Do we let safe crackers keep their loot because combination lock manufacturers haven't perfected the art of producing perfectly silent tumblers yet? Is that a legitimate defense in any rational discussion of guilt or innocence, much less in any historical court of law?
People are bringing up the concern that if the network developers intervene in this way, then it opens up a path for irl government to assert control over the content deployed to the network.
Well, that is a very real concern. But I think the right response to that concern is to assert that only the network is competent enough to protect itself, judge when an assault against digital property has been perpetrated, and then make a ruling to reverse the harm that was caused to those against whose property an offense was committed.
What's wrong with that? Even libertarians believe in the right of self defense. And in an increasingly complex digital economic ecosystem, why on Earth would any platform recuse itself of the right to defend against what it determines to be an attack, via whatever governance process it has in place?
That's not a governance plan, it's a suicide pact. You can't rely on the old system to police the new one. That would be like trying to mine Bitcoin on an Apple //e. It's preposterous, and for exactly the same reason - the capability gap is just way too vast.
So if you can't rely on the old system to protect you, and you can't survive without being able to protect yourself from attack, then what's the logical option? I think it's to admit that sometimes things will go wrong, and we're going to need to have an agreed up process about how we go about handling those situations.
It's a "catch block," okay? I know, I hate writing them too. But we'd better get good at it. Fast.
And once that governance process is established, then people can decide to alter their level of support based on a clear understanding of what the policies will be if and when things go wrong. There won't be any uncertainty. I think it's the uncertainly that largely contributes to panic.
We don't make perfect stuff. There's no perfect lock, and there's no perfect code. All we can do is to do our best to stay ahead of the curve and make plans to contain the damage from failures. Just like every other manufacturer of an exploitable product or tool has to do. It's an arms race between builders and destroyers.
And some are contemplating giving in to a would-be destroyer? On principle? Really? Which principle is that, exactly?
So let's imagine how much more creative a smart hacker-bot tool might be in the future in orchestrating interlocking exploits on code located on millions of future DAO interfaces, which it has all the time in the world (compared to our human DAO hacker) to analyze and scheme with.
That's a losing battle. Unless you modify the design.
Will it be expensive to adjust network usage fees to enforce the creation of bounty markets which balance code protection with code production? Yes, it probably will be.
But I think it's become evident in the last couple of days that the costs of not doing that may be far higher. And the stakes only get higher as we move forward.
But there are benefits that go along with the costs, if we take advantage of them. Another strategy I think would be helpful to adopt is a formalized policy and technology stack for constructing Dapps from high-bounty, long-deployed libraries of modules to reduce the costs of software development without sacrificing quality and security.
In other words - I think creating new programs on Ethereum in the future should be inversely expensive with respect to their degree of modularized code re-use. The economy should incentivize code re-use by making it economically attractive to expend the capital required to design, code, and then pay for bounty testing and attack targeting, in order to have a 'certified' module that anyone can incorporate into their own smart contracts - for a fee that corresponds to the amount of bug bounty and test capital that has been invested in that code.
There's no free lunch. If we want the best code humans can produce, then we have to pay for it. One way or the other.
This approach would also have the nice side-effect of making coding a smart contract via a drag and drop interface come about much sooner rather than later. But you should only put code like that into the hands of inexperienced developers once it has been sufficiently tested by experts and the very best malicious attackers.
Doing otherwise might be considered the digital equivalent of handing hand grenades to babies. It's a really bad idea to release buggy code out into the wild, and unless Ethereum has protocol level protection against that, I don't see how you prevent that from happening with Turing complete scripts.
The code base will eventually reach a complexity/error collapse point that exposes more and more weaknesses to ever less sophisticated attacks. That seems like a losing strategy.
Finally, I would also suggest that before the hard fork replaces the DAO members' ether a sum be subtracted and sent to the DAO hacker's address. And that sum, I would suggest, should be an order of magnitude larger than the cost of developing and executing the test harness that would have been required to spot the error plus the estimated value of the bounties that would have been lost had the code been running unprotected over the period of time it took to develop the test suite.
In my opinion, this is a way to try to balance harm reduction for both sides. Pay the hacker generously for the flaw they pointed out that we need to learn how to systematically fix, not just for one contract on the network, but for all of them. But also protect the network and its supporters.
I think that's a reasonable policy for governance - do everything possible to protect against attacks and also respect fair exchanges of value with outside parties - even those parties who were guilty of a thwarted attack. Treat your adversary with respect, in other words. Pay them fairly for testing your steel.
Ultimately Ethereum will succeed or fail based on its ability to deliver on your vision, not on the number of mistakes we had to overcome to get there. So please stay faithful to the supporters of that vision. Together I think we're all going to do some amazing things.
Sincerely,
BadLibertarian
submitted by BadLibertarian to ethtrader [link] [comments]

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Unlimited BTC hack script via Termux

•Bitcoin Service• Development of scripts & websites for cryptocurrency mining Scripts to earn 5 BTCs are working perfectly, updates will be made along with a new updated video For more ... Void Script Builder (Place 2) big daddy - Duration: 2:35. me like play game 172 views. 2:35. 2) Duplicate the script. 3) Use your referal code to create a new account for each claim ( moon - bitcoin, dogecoin, litecoin, bitcoin cash, and dash. Bitfun, bonus bitcoin, freebitcoin, and ... A simple yet full explanation of how the Script language in Bitcoin works. Includes examples of the most commonly used locking scripts (and unlocking scripts), with animations showing how they are ... CC-Builder Login Mode Bitcoin Script Creation tool Any Crypto Currency Faucet Make Easy Mode CC-Builder Automation Script Creation tool for CoinCollector can be used as a stand alone tool Buy ...

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