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The different kinds of cryptocurrency wallets:

The different kinds of cryptocurrency wallets:
https://preview.redd.it/pepjin4jr1j41.jpg?width=1200&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=e6933478e1a1d0069050cb70a36fb61550a269a4
Before we plunge profound into the various sorts of cryptocurrency wallets, it is critical to comprehend what cryptocurrency wallets are. It is a blend of a private key and an a public address much like a login ID and a password. The mix of the private key and the public address gives you access to your cryptocurrency and furthermore gives you the alternatives to transact utilizing them.
Hardware Wallets:
The name is very plain as day! Hardware wallets are hardware devices that are worked with a particular reason for dealing with private keys and public addresses. To a great extent, the hardware wallet is a USB-like gadget with an OLED screen and side buttons that assist you with exploring through the interface. Connecting it to a PC and associating with it over local work area applications for different currencies lift the usefulness of the hardware wallet. The hardware wallet doesn't utilize a battery and can be associated with either a PC or a cell phone.
Paper wallets:
Paper wallets may appear to be basic with the classification yet it requires some specialized abilities and elevated level of inquiry from the user. In a typical paper wallet, you print the private keys and the public addresses on a bit of paper and your Bitcoins or some other cryptocurrency on it.
Perhaps the best bit of leeway of utilizing a paper wallet is that it keeps your private key outside the system and that part improves the security.
Desktop wallets:
Desktop wallets are the old fashioned sign of cryptocurrencies. They are installable software bundles that can sit on well known operating systems like Windows, Mac, and Linux.
Outside the topic of security, any cryptocurrency that is not kidding about itself will dispatch their desktop wallets on the primary day itself. Nonetheless, since it is another software which interfaces with the internet, it is critical to follow the essential security estimates like antivirus and against malware software.
Mobile wallets:
Mobile wallets, on account of the mobile telephone entrance and the continuous availability, are the most well known sort of wallets at this moment. They are intended to be anything but difficult to utilize and are compatible with both iOS and Android. Regardless of whether not for an iOS application, you will undoubtedly discover in any event a conventional Android adaptation.
Web wallets:
Web wallets are tantamount to the digital banking interfaces of mainstream Banking. They are constantly associated with the internet and can be gotten to utilizing the web address through programs like Chrome or Firefox. The private keys are held online in the program itself and are inclined to DDOS attacks. Web wallets can either be hosted or non-hosted relying upon the sort of wallet that you use. The non-hosted kind of wallets are prescribed as you are in full control of your funds.
Blockchain App Factory excels in employing disruptive technologies after intensive research and discovering new possibilities every day. Get your own multi cryptocurrency wallet to experience seamless and secure exchange of your virtual currencies from us.
submitted by Ben_Milo to blockchainappfactory [link] [comments]

Fortnight Tech Roundup & Discourse - IRNSS NavIC

Fortnight Tech Roundup & Discourse - IRNSS NavIC

Welcome to this week's tech round up and discourse post.

https://preview.redd.it/4we80sfojis31.png?width=728&format=png&auto=webp&s=bcd7e967359f9a1ebb7f8aa7903cb35d86891e44

EBay, Stripe and Mastercard drop out of Facebook’s Libra Association techcrunch
Club Factory raises $100M to expand its lifestyle e-commerce platform in India economictimes
Donald Trump joins Amazon's video game streaming platform Twitch cnn
Bill McDermott steps down as SAP’s CEO wsj
Elon Musk says that NASA is free to share all SpaceX IP with ‘anyone it wants’ gizmodo
NASA’s new Moon-bound spacesuit is safer, smarter and much more comfortable nasa.gov
Steam will soon let you play local-only multiplayer games with far off friends pcgamer
Dyson kills its electric car project and turns to solid-state batteries guardian
Amazon Music arrives on Apple TV pocket-lint
Google takes AMP to the OpenJS Foundation openjsf
Russia’s Yandex introduces an Echo Dot-style smart speaker techcrunch
Cisco hit by an internal network outage cbronline
Xage now supports hierarchical blockchains for complex implementations globenewswire
NASCAR could debut hybrids as early as 2022 thedrive
Apple pulls HKmap from App Store, the day after Chinese state media criticized its ‘unwise and reckless decision’ to approve it cnbc
Virgin Orbit plans to send cubesats to Mars as early as 2022 cnet
Call of Duty is the biggest mobile game launch ever, with 100 million downloads independent
Pinterest launches a new ‘Lite’ app for emerging markets androidpolice
Microsoft’s Your Phone app can now route calls from your Android phone to your PC blog.windows
European risk report flags 5G security challenges techcrunch
Toyota, GM, Nvidia, Bosch, Arm and others form new autonomous driving tech consortium theiet
China attacks Apple for allowing Hong Kong crowdsourced police activity app nyt
AMD’s Radeon RX 5500 is its new entry-level competitor to Nvidia’s GTX 1650 pcworld
Amazon, Walmart confront India’s slowing economy as holiday season growth stalls techcrunch
Essential reveals Project Gem smartphone with very long, unusual design engadget
Twitter admits it used two-factor phone numbers and emails for serving targeted ads help.twitter
Arm brings custom instructions to its embedded CPUs developer.arm
Sony’s next console is the PlayStation 5, arriving holidays 2020 theverge
Chinese firms Tencent, Vivo and CCTV suspend ties with the NBA over Hong Kong tweet edition.cnn
Eight Chinese tech firms placed on US Entity List for their role in human rights violations against Muslim minority groups techcrunch
Mars Curiosity Rover finds evidence of an ancient oasis on Mars earthsky
Instagram is killing its creepy stalking feature, the Following tab androidpolice
Ex-Tinder CEO files lawsuit saying sexual assault allegations against him are defamation theverge
Fire TV might not get Disney+ as Amazon and Disney clash over ads variety
Amazon introduces a Kindle for kids indiatoday
Apple’s MacOS Catalina is now available 9to5mac
Spotify gains Siri support on iOS 13, arrives on Apple TV forbes
Disney is reportedly banning Netflix ads across its entertainment TV networks theverge
Red Dead Redemption 2 is coming to PC in November rockpapershotgun
NASA shares 3D Moon data for CG artists and creators space
PayPal is the first company to drop out of the Facebook-led Libra Association economictimes
Iranian hackers targeted US 2020 campaign, says Microsoft bbc
Apple CEO Tim Cook slams Facebook’s Libra cryptocurrency as a power grab forbes
Google-backed Dunzo raises $45M to expand its hyperlocal delivery startup in India fortuneindia
NASA’s first all-electric experimental X-plane is ready for testing nasa.gov
Facebook is being leaned on by US, UK, Australia to ditch its end-to-end encryption expansion plan macrumorsInstagram launches Threads, a Close Friends chat app with auto-status wired
India’s Fyle bags $4.5M to expand its expense management platform in the US, other international markets techcrunch
Uber launches a shift-work finder app, Uber Works, starting in Chicago tnw
Redesigned Google Shopping goes live, with price tracking, Google Lens for outfits and more pcmag
Zuckerberg Plans to Sue if Elizabeth Warren Tries to Break Up Facebook gizmodo
Samsung pulls the plug on Chinese smartphone production techcrunch
Microsoft showcases an Android Surface 'phone' and dual-screen Windows Variant cnet
Microsoft’s latest Surface Laptop arrives in 13- and 15-inch models theverge
India’s NoBroker raises $50M to help people buy and rent without real estate brokers business-standard
Cybersecurity giant Comodo can’t even keep its own website secure forums.comodo
NASA awards $43.2M to Blue Origin, SpaceX and others for tech to take us to the Moon and Mars techcrunch
NASA launches a new planet-hunting telescope using a giant balloon phys.org
UPS gets FAA approval to operate an entire drone delivery airline nyt
Streamlit launches open-source machine learning application development framework techcrunch
WhatsApp tests self-destructing messages theverge
Europe’s top court says active consent is needed for tracking cookies techcrunch
SpaceX details Starship and Super Heavy in new website techcrunch
Hyundai is getting into the flying car business newatlas
Microsoft makes Windows Virtual Desktop generally available globally zdnet
Google's Project Jacquard is available on new Levi's jackets youtube
PayPal to enter China through GoPay acquisition venturebeat

https://preview.redd.it/rnwzqv5qjis31.png?width=728&format=png&auto=webp&s=dbf144fb35009e7e997741e70685b2c05075a099

The Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) recently become fully-operational and has been provided with the operational name of NavIC (Navigation with Indian Constellation). Developed by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) with the objective of offering positioning, navigation and timing (PNT) to the users on a variety of platforms with a 24 hour x 7 day service availability under all weather conditions - in its service area with a position accuracy of < 20 m throughout India and within the region of coverage extending about 1500 km beyond. nih.gov
Having an autonomous regional satellite navigation system of one’s own offers strategic autonomy in military operations. The GPS that we have known and used all along is the satellite-based radio navigation system owned by the US government and operated by the American Air Force. During the Kargil War 20 years ago, the US refused to provide India critical information on the movement and precise location of Paki enemy troops. toi A need for an indigenous satellite navigation was felt earlier, but Kargil experience made the nation realize it's inevitability. Geopolitical needs teaches us that some countries can deny us the service in times of conflict, a way of arm twisting.
With an accuracy of <10 m on Restricted and Encrypted Service (RES) while an accuracy of <20 m on Standard Positioning Service (SPS), IRNSS will offer 2 level of services for very differing purposes. isro.gov.in \PDF]) Almost all Military and Reconnaissance applications will utilize RES while SPS will be available for civilian uses. unvienna \PDF])

The IRNSS space segment architecture consists of 3 satellites in GEO (Geostationary Orbit) at 32.5°, 83° and 131.5° East while 4 satellites in geosynchronous orbit placed at inclination of 29° with longitude crossing at 55° and 111.75° East forming an analemma. isac.gov.in Out of the 4 GSO satellites, the first sat IRNSS-1A failed in orbit due to atmoic clock malfunction. On August 31, 2017, sat IRNSS-1H was meant to replace defunct IRNSS-1A, failed to deploy due to malfunction in payload fairing mechanism. Though failures are not uncommon in space missions of even developed nations, India is not in a position where it can afford even relatively minor glitches neither financially nor in terms of reaching the higher goals it has set for itself. firstpost

IRNSS Analemma

Unlike GPS which is dependent only on L-band, NAVIC has dual frequency (S and L bands). When low frequency signal travels through atmosphere, its velocity changes due to atmospheric disturbances. US banks on atmospheric model to assess frequency error and it has to update this model from time to time to assess the exact error. In India's case, the actual delay is assessed by measuring the difference in delay of dual frequency (S and L bands). Therefore, NavIC is not dependent on any model to find the frequency error and is more accurate than GPS. toi
Studies have also shown marked improvement in GDoP (Geometric dilution of precision) values when IRNSS is used in conjunction with GPS constellation for position fix in primary coverage region of IRNSS. Hence IRNSS can be augmented with GPS to improve position accuracy in the given region. ias.ac.in

The IRNSS is being developed parallel to the GAGAN (GPS Aided GEO Augmented Satellite Navigation) program that in essence use GPS signals for navigation but after making them much more reliable for safety critical applications like in civil aviation., the ISRO SBAS (Satellite Based Augmentation System) version of an overlay system for GNSS signal corrections. earth.esa.int As of 2013, the statutory filing for frequency spectrum of Global Indian Navigational System (GINS) satellite orbits in international space, has been completed. hindubusinessline GINS is supposed to have a constellation of 24 satellites, positioned 24,000 km (14,913 mi) above Earth. wikipedia)

On Sep 24, 2019 Global mobile telephony standards body, 3GPP, gave its approval to NaVIC (Proposed jointly by Reliance Jio and ISRO). 3gpp.org \XLSX]) The approval has been given for the system’s use in Rel-16 LTE and Rel-17 5G NR specifications, paving the way for wider commercial adoption of NaVIC, allowing it to be integrated with 4G, 5G and internet of things (IoT). 3gpp.org \ZIP]) Thus, electronics companies can start designing and building integrated circuits and mass manufacture other products uniquely created to be compatible with NavIC. From what all scant information I was able to gather it seems Broadcom was first to introduce BCM47756 3gpp.org \ZIP]) chipset integrated with NavIC and Xiaomi Mi8 was the first phone to have the capabilities. insidegnss Will the introduction of indigenous satnav be another step closer towards being a global power? Comments open.
PS: Here's an interesting presentation prepared by Space Application Center that goes a little deep inside Navigation with Indian Constellation http://www.unoosa.org/documents/pdf/icg/2018/icg13/05.pdf

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And in the last, here's 19th-Century Vision of the Year 2000 by Jean-Marc Côté and other artists issued in France in 1899, 1900, 1901 and 1910. Originally in the form of paper cards enclosed in cigarette/cigar boxes and, later, as postcards, the images depicted the world as it was imagined to be like in the then distant year of 2000.
https://preview.redd.it/wbvg455vjis31.jpg?width=800&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=1ea5d13ddcf69a504c6d85d6aee7c22adedd6923
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Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:France_in_XXI_Century_(fiction))
submitted by chummekiraat to IndiaSpeaks [link] [comments]

Higher CPU usage untill i Close task manager. Bitcoinminer ?

Hi guys, i need some help.. think there might be a bitcoin miner active on my cpu?
I invested in a new desktop setup (idk if its relevant but my new cpu is: amd ryzen 9 3900x) last month because the old one became to slow after using it for years (i probably had viruses because i used to not be cautious with downloading. my pc used to crash alot and restarting would take forever.
Now on my new setup, i havent downloaded any programs that could contain a virus. I am however still using the Hard Disk from the old computer, is it possible that malware transfered from there to my new C drive? I ran a scan on both drives but nothing gets detected.
When opening my task manager my cpu is at 30% and then it instantly drops to 3%. I read about malware thats able to hide itself once you opened task manager, So i downloaded rainmeter but the gpu gadget also says its only at 3%. i also followed a tutorial; 'running a 1 minute cpu scan in performance monitor via Windows performance analyser' No result.
Im going to clean the Hard Disk but i feel like it might be to late already? Maybe im just paranoid. Sorry for my broken english and Thanks in advance for reading this!
submitted by MarkStoneJr to techsupport [link] [comments]

Higher CPU usage untill i Close task manager. Bitcoinminer ?

Hi guys, i need some help.. think there might be a bitcoin miner active on my cpu?
I invested in a new desktop setup (idk if its relevant but my new cpu is: amd ryzen 9 3900x) last month because the old one became to slow after using it for years (i probably had viruses because i used to not be cautious with downloading. my pc used to crash alot and restarting would take forever.
Now on my new setup, i havent downloaded any programs that could contain a virus. I am however still using the Hard Disk from the old computer, is it possible that malware transfered from there to my new C drive? I ran a scan on both drives but nothing gets detected.
When opening my task manager my cpu is at 30% and then it instantly drops to 3%. I read about malware thats able to hide itself once you opened task manager, So i downloaded rainmeter but the gpu gadget also says its only at 3%. i also followed a tutorial; 'running a 1 minute cpu scan in performance monitor via Windows performance analyser' No result.
Im going to clean the Hard Disk but i feel like it might be to late already? Maybe im just paranoid. Sorry for my broken english and Thanks in advance for reading this!
submitted by MarkStoneJr to techsupport [link] [comments]

I made a nano PoW measurement

https://drive.google.com/file/d/1QLHJvFm0p1K97F7QwkxqMLJS9IfRbt4G
In the last days there were several posts about the costs of nanos proof of work.
u/davey1211 mentioned the site isnanogreenyet.com where it is about the costs of nanos proof of work. The owner of the site calculates the work assuming that a pc needs around 100 watts. This value seemed very high to me, as I assumed that a computer would already need 100 watts in "standby" (not the power saving sleeping stuff, just the "I'm powered on while doing nothing thing"). So this calculation would include the operating system, the hard disks, possibly the monitor and other software. But we want to know how much the PoW of nano costs.

Well, I figured it out

Im having an Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-6700K CPU @ 4.00GHz, 4 cores and 8 logical processors**.**

Intel Power Gadget

My first idea was to measure directly at the power socket and record this somehow. Fortunately, there is a tool from Intel to read this data. Intel Power Gadget. This tool can be downloaded here (for Linux and macOS as well): https://software.intel.com/en-us/articles/intel-power-gadget-20

The Test

I powered my pc - it's a plain windows 10 x64 installation with only nano desktop node v13 and kaspersky on it. So no other services are coming up after boot. I launched my nano desktop node v13, waited for sync and according to the "Intel Power Gadget", my i7 cpu needed about** 20 watts while doing "nothing**". I ran the logging function within the "Intel Power Gadget" and recorded the measurement every 100ms to a file (csv file below). After this, I made some test transactions. The values were always identical.

Results

According to the log, the value "Processor Power_0(Watt)" rises during the PoW from ~20 watts to ~100 watts for approximately ~3.3 seconds. I was very surprised that these values are this high, as mobile phones should also be able to solve this PoW. I recognized that all the values mentioned on isnanogreenyet.com are correct. To sum it up, all nano transactions being done so far, caused ~500kWh in total!! Thats almost nothing compared to bitcoin and even not if compared to one single household. I hope this test gives some idea of how much of the effort nanos PoW calculations actually take. Although the PoW difficulty is higher than I would have estimated, it also provides good protection against spam attacks. In this regard, I am now completely calm.
The detailed values (consumption by cpu only)
- Average watts in standby: 20.17
- Average watts during PoW: 93.35
- PoW watts: 73.18
- PoW duration: 3.39 seconds
- Pow costs: 0.069 Wh - Pow costs: 0.000069 kWh
Thx to antihero12 as I fatfingered kWh instead of Wh

Graphs

Screenshot of all Results (png):
https://drive.google.com/file/d/1QLHJvFm0p1K97F7QwkxqMLJS9IfRbt4G
Nano PoW Raw Data (csv):
https://drive.google.com/open?id=1Dfu9Ofb9pfurPSdKc6N68Khke_Zo4WtO
Nano PoW Excel Graph (xlsx):
https://drive.google.com/open?id=12BnnFBcgSlvdNwR5aoPsMFYU3Ilprwtn
--
laser

tl:dr:

Nanos PoW takes about 80 Watt for 3 seconds. The values on this site https://isnanogreenyet.com are correct
submitted by laserwean to nanocurrency [link] [comments]

Subreddit Stats: Hulu posts from 2018-08-01 to 2018-10-30 14:29 PDT

Period: 89.74 days
Submissions Comments
Total 768 5055
Rate (per day) 8.56 55.69
Unique Redditors 643 1961
Combined Score 9190 14164

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 579 points, 16 submissions: WarpSeven
    1. ‘Jeopardy!’ Comes to Hulu in Quiz Show’s First Streaming Deal (102 points, 12 comments)
    2. Discovery stock sees best day in 8 years after announcing it will exclusively stream shows on Hulu (98 points, 7 comments)
    3. Spotify expands its $4.99 per month student bundle with Hulu to include Showtime (85 points, 22 comments)
    4. Disney open to bundling Disney SVOD, ESPN+ and Hulu together (59 points, 38 comments)
    5. Hulu Eyes Adding Skinnier TV Bundles That Eliminate Entertainment Networks (44 points, 17 comments)
    6. CBS Undercuts Sinclair in the Local-TV Giant's Battle With Hulu (35 points, 15 comments)
    7. The 5 Best ‘MAS*H’ Episodes to Stream on Hulu (33 points, 8 comments)
    8. This Week's Announcements: Hulu Inks Deals with Discovery and CBS, offers Discount to On Demand Subscribers and Free 1 Month Trials, Wins Creative Arts Emmys (28 points, 14 comments)
    9. Hulu, Verizon, YouTube TV among those kicking tires on D.C. United local media rights (22 points, 1 comment)
    10. Everything coming to (and going from) Hulu this September (19 points, 2 comments)
  2. 219 points, 1 submission: BrianBuster
    1. Hulu not working (219 points, 216 comments)
  3. 209 points, 1 submission: KingEllesar
    1. King of The Hill, please. (209 points, 24 comments)
  4. 200 points, 3 submissions: razmig
    1. 'Jeopardy' Will Now Stream on Netflix and Hulu (115 points, 12 comments)
    2. Hulu plans to move some channels from live TV back to on-demand (44 points, 34 comments)
    3. Hulu Adds ABC News Live, CBSN to Live TV Lineup (41 points, 6 comments)
  5. 160 points, 1 submission: -xenomorph-
    1. Hulu Down? (160 points, 200 comments)
  6. 141 points, 3 submissions: jdpm1991
    1. Hulu is telling me playback failure, anyone else have this? (120 points, 106 comments)
    2. Does your tv say "connection disconnected" when watching certain shows? (19 points, 6 comments)
    3. Law and Order SVU Season 19 expiring? (2 points, 3 comments)
  7. 130 points, 4 submissions: Paper_Coyote
    1. ‘Castle Rock’ Renewed for Season 2, Hulu Boss Talks Expanding Stephen King Universe (77 points, 17 comments)
    2. Pleasantly Surprised by the DVR (24 points, 5 comments)
    3. Hulu 5.30 update for tvOS (21 points, 0 comments)
    4. WATE ABC Knoxville TN added to Hulu Live. (8 points, 3 comments)
  8. 112 points, 2 submissions: Sum_Dum_Gui
    1. Marked as Watched (61 points, 10 comments)
    2. Why Hulu, Why? (51 points, 12 comments)
  9. 111 points, 1 submission: shabuluba
    1. ‘Veronica Mars’ Revival Ordered to Series at Hulu (111 points, 14 comments)
  10. 104 points, 1 submission: StirCharles
    1. PSA: The League is now streaming on Hulu (104 points, 17 comments)
  11. 99 points, 1 submission: grim2577
    1. 'Make It' is a must watch. (99 points, 30 comments)
  12. 97 points, 2 submissions: occono
    1. DOJ Says It Will Examine Comcast’s Influence On Hulu (60 points, 1 comment)
    2. Hulu Becomes Even Bigger Chess Piece For Disney And Comcast (37 points, 0 comments)
  13. 88 points, 2 submissions: brianleejackson
    1. Baywatch, for fans of Sci-fi. Recommendations could use a little improving... (57 points, 7 comments)
    2. Why Did They Remove Episode Dates on Desktop? (31 points, 10 comments)
  14. 83 points, 5 submissions: drdoomy069
    1. Hulu is DOWN (69 points, 76 comments)
    2. Hulu broken on ios 12 (7 points, 4 comments)
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    4. 200 hour dvr? (0 points, 3 comments)
    5. HULU + NFL (0 points, 2 comments)
  15. 82 points, 1 submission: SurpassedYou
    1. Hulu, your TV apps and website sucks. But, I love your content. (82 points, 8 comments)
  16. 81 points, 2 submissions: HuluDeb
    1. MEGATHREAD: 2018 Football Season on Hulu with Live TV - Improvements, FAQs, and more 🏈 (43 points, 89 comments)
    2. New month, new records, new private beta invites (oh my!) (38 points, 21 comments)
  17. 77 points, 2 submissions: austen0316
    1. Discovery coming to hulu live!!! (59 points, 27 comments)
    2. AMC Networks? (18 points, 26 comments)
  18. 75 points, 1 submission: Trapjaw137
    1. Hulu... Thanks Biggest Game of the year. Cowboys Redskins 4th Qtr. Other channels worked. (I was embarrassed by a service I was pushing to all my family and friends)... (75 points, 25 comments)
  19. 75 points, 1 submission: anonRedd
    1. ‘Veronica Mars’ Revival Series Near Deal At Hulu With Kristen Bell Reprising Role (75 points, 10 comments)
  20. 73 points, 1 submission: RagsMaloney
    1. I wish Hulu would make clear which movies are uncut vs. recut for commercials (73 points, 19 comments)
  21. 70 points, 2 submissions: Spaceaardvark
    1. New My Hero Academia (47 points, 22 comments)
    2. Archer Danger Island? (23 points, 7 comments)
  22. 70 points, 1 submission: derondantzler
    1. Mark as watched (70 points, 15 comments)
  23. 70 points, 1 submission: sherlip
    1. This subreddit has been only complaining since I subbed. (70 points, 67 comments)
  24. 68 points, 1 submission: rasta41
    1. Hulu agrees to provide audio service for blind customers (68 points, 3 comments)
  25. 66 points, 1 submission: PussySlayinVirgin
    1. Some of the best movies on Hulu (list) - Film Blather (66 points, 1 comment)
  26. 65 points, 1 submission: briveltt
    1. You can finally remove watch history videos through hulu.com (65 points, 18 comments)
  27. 63 points, 1 submission: RockinCasios
    1. Very apt twitter tagline for @hulu right now (63 points, 11 comments)
  28. 60 points, 1 submission: soswinglifeaway
    1. Anyone else having issues with Hulu not saving their place in the episode they're watching? (60 points, 15 comments)
  29. 57 points, 8 submissions: vincent48895
    1. Warning: Fox Locals on Vue Cannot be Recorded! (19 points, 6 comments)
    2. ABC live in Lansing Michigan! (18 points, 7 comments)
    3. New Local Icon? (8 points, 5 comments)
    4. CBS live in Lansing! (5 points, 0 comments)
    5. Live Tv Flickering, Pixelating Last Few Days (3 points, 1 comment)
    6. Roku pause/rw/ff live tv function is better than ATV’s (2 points, 3 comments)
    7. Permanently delete programs from ”My Stuff”? (1 point, 4 comments)
    8. Spinning Wheel when trying to open Hulu on ATV4K (1 point, 0 comments)
  30. 57 points, 6 submissions: joeret
    1. [1991] Point Break - An F.B.I. Agent goes undercover to catch a gang of surfers who may be bank robbers. (34 points, 11 comments)
    2. [1999] The 13th Warrior - A man is sent by the sultan himself on a diplomatic mission to a distant land as an ambassador. Stopping at a Viking village port to restock on supplies, he finds himself unwittingly embroiled on a quest to banish a mysterious threat in a distant Viking land. (12 points, 2 comments)
    3. [1988] Young Guns - A group of young gunmen, led by Billy the Kid, become deputies to avenge the murder of the rancher who became their benefactor. But when Billy takes their authority too far, they become the hunted. (8 points, 0 comments)
    4. [2003] Shanghai Knights - When a Chinese rebel murders Chon's estranged father and escapes to England, Chon and Roy make their way to London with revenge on their minds. (3 points, 0 comments)
    5. [2013- ] Rick and Morty - An animated series that follows the exploits of a super scientist and his not-so-bright grandson. (0 points, 0 comments)
    6. [2016] Arrival - A linguist is recruited by the military to communicate with alien lifeforms after twelve mysterious spacecrafts land around the world. (0 points, 0 comments)
  31. 56 points, 1 submission: Uncle_Crash
    1. More Letterkenny please! (56 points, 21 comments)
  32. 55 points, 3 submissions: MewmewGirl
    1. At least this feature made the jump to the new Hulu and is still with us! (43 points, 2 comments)
    2. 10 second rewind when near a commercial (9 points, 1 comment)
    3. No more FB comments on Hulu.com shows (3 points, 9 comments)
  33. 53 points, 2 submissions: 08830
    1. STARZ Now Streaming on Hulu Ahead of "Outlander" Season 4 Premiere (49 points, 0 comments)
    2. Hulu Reflects on Its First Year of Live Sports Coverage (4 points, 0 comments)
  34. 52 points, 1 submission: andythepharmacist
    1. Discovery stock sees best day in 8 years after announcing it will exclusively stream shows on Hulu (52 points, 1 comment)
  35. 50 points, 2 submissions: Wile__E__Coyote
    1. 'The Body' Trailer - The first movie in Hulu's new Into the Dark horror anthology series (27 points, 3 comments)
    2. Light as a Feather - Discussion Thread [Spoilers] (23 points, 9 comments)
  36. 50 points, 1 submission: Kirko_bangz
    1. "Stats for nerds" (50 points, 4 comments)
  37. 49 points, 1 submission: CarolinianRevolution
    1. Hulu Is on Track to Lose $1.5 Billion in 2018 (49 points, 23 comments)
  38. 49 points, 1 submission: SilentGamer-1
    1. Will King of the Hill ever come to Hulu? (49 points, 11 comments)
  39. 48 points, 1 submission: Pulp501
    1. Is hulu down for anyone else? (48 points, 47 comments)
  40. 47 points, 2 submissions: flurrypuff
    1. HULUWEEN Discussion Thread (41 points, 21 comments)
    2. Question: is there any way to tell Hulu that I DONT like a show (6 points, 3 comments)
  41. 45 points, 1 submission: fredof93
    1. Let's talk about Hulu's original show "The First". Any thoughts on the show? (45 points, 92 comments)
  42. 45 points, 1 submission: siennah5
    1. Shows and Movies being added in September (45 points, 1 comment)
  43. 43 points, 5 submissions: Leonardosmom
    1. I had a little chat with Hulu. (33 points, 9 comments)
    2. Question on Hulu live dvr. (3 points, 7 comments)
    3. Question on Hulu no commercials with live tv (3 points, 2 comments)
    4. Does anyone know ... (2 points, 13 comments)
    5. Dvr snafu? (2 points, 3 comments)
  44. 43 points, 1 submission: ellewoods890
    1. Canadian who just moved to the US...how is Hulu not more popular than Netflix here!? (43 points, 53 comments)
  45. 43 points, 1 submission: greatwhitebuffalo716
    1. Hulu stuck on "infinite" loading bar animation when watching from browser (43 points, 9 comments)
  46. 42 points, 1 submission: Rob_Highwind
    1. Hulu Not Tracking Watched Episodes Correctly (42 points, 10 comments)
  47. 42 points, 1 submission: mitstaguee
    1. Hulu, please let me build my own TV station. (42 points, 15 comments)
  48. 41 points, 1 submission: CredibleSalamander
    1. Hulu finally added Chromecast support on chrome (41 points, 11 comments)
  49. 41 points, 1 submission: Mrsparklee
    1. Hulu needs a random episode button. (41 points, 7 comments)
  50. 40 points, 4 submissions: juventuz
    1. TV Shows under My Stuff reset so ALL shows show up as Unwatched (36 points, 22 comments)
    2. Live Guide Overlay on Different Devices (3 points, 3 comments)
    3. Hulu Live Subscriber, but need the Hallmark Channel. Options? (1 point, 16 comments)
    4. New to Hulu Live and have some questions (0 points, 4 comments)
  51. 40 points, 1 submission: ddelrymple
    1. Hulu, we know you lurk here - please give us an updated android tV app (40 points, 16 comments)
  52. 38 points, 2 submissions: Foobar789
    1. The 75 Best TV Shows on Hulu Right Now (Great stuff here!) (26 points, 19 comments)
    2. Question:. In Hulu Live, is there a way (on FireTV), to go from the guide (or the live feed) directly to the series page? (12 points, 2 comments)
  53. 38 points, 1 submission: cincysportsfan
    1. Fargo Season 3 is live (38 points, 7 comments)
  54. 37 points, 4 submissions: Chr0mag
    1. Deleting from the DVR (20 points, 10 comments)
    2. Channel Temporarily Unavailable (10 points, 1 comment)
    3. DVR Recordings Starting Live? Can't rewind or start over (6 points, 4 comments)
    4. Hulu Live Crashing TCL Roku TV (1 point, 7 comments)
  55. 37 points, 1 submission: Pipboy3500
    1. Hulu-Showtime add-on Increasing to 10.99 from 8.99 (37 points, 17 comments)
  56. 37 points, 1 submission: openglfan
    1. The Good Place Season 3: Definitely coming to Hulu? (37 points, 6 comments)
  57. 36 points, 1 submission: molllysue
    1. Every episode of every show is out of order (36 points, 17 comments)
  58. 36 points, 1 submission: pantheman75
    1. On nights like these I LOVE Hulu! #goPackgo #goBrewCrew (36 points, 5 comments)
  59. 36 points, 1 submission: theygottotalking
    1. Hulu better be up in the morning! I've got shows to watch! (36 points, 6 comments)
  60. 35 points, 2 submissions: Claud6568
    1. Is it just me or is anyone else having issues (20 points, 6 comments)
    2. For the past 3 to 4 weeks every time I start a program it’ll start playing and then all of a sudden the picture disappears but I can still hear the audio. And it says sorry for the inconvenience. Any thoughts? (15 points, 2 comments)
  61. 34 points, 2 submissions: rockstang
    1. Really impressed With Live Service (31 points, 23 comments)
    2. Hulu live updates in carbon county PA (3 points, 1 comment)
  62. 34 points, 1 submission: Pablinex
    1. Just wondering when should Hulu get offline downloading because they stated that by Summer of 2018. Any Updates on this? (34 points, 13 comments)
  63. 34 points, 1 submission: Shuggaloaf
    1. How can I make Hulu stop suggesting and entire category? (34 points, 3 comments)
  64. 33 points, 3 submissions: thisnamenotavailable
    1. Windows Store Hulu app advertises watching college fooball in the app, but the windows 10 app doesn't even support Hulu with live TV (24 points, 8 comments)
    2. Streaming device recommendations for live tv (6 points, 4 comments)
    3. Is the live TV delay improved at all with the new updated website? (3 points, 3 comments)
  65. 33 points, 1 submission: IntelligentFennel
    1. The Best Halloween Movies on Hulu (33 points, 7 comments)
  66. 32 points, 1 submission: kaybea4
    1. Anyone still partially down? (32 points, 19 comments)
  67. 32 points, 1 submission: princessgabert
    1. Brooklyn 99 (32 points, 12 comments)
  68. 31 points, 2 submissions: G_Ramsays_crappy_egg
    1. I found out how to turn subtitles on while using Xbox One! (27 points, 1 comment)
    2. How can I access Subtitles on Xbox One? (4 points, 1 comment)
  69. 31 points, 1 submission: DarthWinston69
    1. Does anyone else hate that you can’t view old episodes without searching for a specific show then it opens up a list? Am I missing something or is this new UI poorly set up? (31 points, 7 comments)
  70. 31 points, 1 submission: buhoo115
    1. Castle rock (31 points, 19 comments)
  71. 30 points, 3 submissions: richbeezy
    1. Thanks Hulu, this is what I get when trying to watch my favorite NFL team playing. You should be issuing refunds with this terrible service of yours. (26 points, 18 comments)
    2. Terrible Lag with any Live NFL games (4 points, 5 comments)
    3. This says it all about Hulu Live & NFL games streaming quality (0 points, 8 comments)
  72. 30 points, 2 submissions: AutoModerator
    1. What are you watching and what do you recommend on Hulu? (Week of October 08, 2018 ) (16 points, 25 comments)
    2. What are you watching and what do you recommend on Hulu? (Week of October 15, 2018 ) (14 points, 12 comments)
  73. 30 points, 2 submissions: WaldenMC
    1. Update: Subtitles are now appearing for me! (17 points, 0 comments)
    2. Anyone having issues with subtitles? (13 points, 2 comments)
  74. 30 points, 1 submission: rasslingrob
    1. When is Veronica Mars S1-3 coming? (30 points, 1 comment)
  75. 29 points, 1 submission: Bad_brazilian
    1. Mark as watched (29 points, 13 comments)
  76. 29 points, 1 submission: dinorsaurSr
    1. Did Hulu Die Again?!?!?!?! (29 points, 31 comments)
  77. 28 points, 1 submission: DeloreanFanatic
    1. Couldn't there be an indication of what in my stuff is actually watchable at the time? (28 points, 1 comment)
  78. 28 points, 1 submission: RippersDoitBest
    1. Was randomly charged $28.89 (28 points, 2 comments)
  79. 28 points, 1 submission: matthew_l_t
    1. beIN SPORTS (28 points, 17 comments)
  80. 27 points, 1 submission: cpne
    1. Live TV Guide (27 points, 3 comments)
  81. 27 points, 1 submission: elizabethjamesjacobs
    1. If YOU got this email, what would you think it meant? (27 points, 15 comments)
  82. 26 points, 1 submission: BossLove1829
    1. Halloween scenes (26 points, 4 comments)
  83. 26 points, 1 submission: Glittery
    1. How do i get to see what is after the dots on "unlo..." in this case? It wont let me scroll to that area. Im on a Hulu Plus app on 2016 Sony Blu-Ray player. I dont know how to view any of the full details when browsing. (26 points, 11 comments)
  84. 26 points, 1 submission: Hallucinates_Bacon
    1. Anyone else have this visual glitch on the bottom right with the image box? Vizio 4K smartcast display (26 points, 21 comments)
  85. 26 points, 1 submission: TheAnswerIsNaR
    1. Black clover episode 52 (26 points, 39 comments)
  86. 26 points, 1 submission: redakdal
    1. the adventures of jimmy neutron,boy genius, missing alot of eposides (26 points, 2 comments)
  87. 26 points, 1 submission: tarajack82
    1. My Hulu Live is not syncing correctly. Voice and audio is off. It’s only happening on Roku tv. Apple TV and Ipad works fine. Any solutions? (26 points, 9 comments)
  88. 25 points, 1 submission: PositiveJig
    1. Marked-As-Watched? (25 points, 9 comments)
  89. 25 points, 1 submission: SHOW-ME-SOURCES
    1. How to change the subtitle settings on Roku? (25 points, 6 comments)
  90. 24 points, 2 submissions: BrokeDad12
    1. Why did TNT just disappear? (22 points, 19 comments)
    2. Roku restarting (2 points, 1 comment)
  91. 24 points, 2 submissions: HenryK81
    1. Did Hulu just stopped working for Amazon Fire TV? (15 points, 19 comments)
    2. CNBC Originals: Bitcoin: Boom or Bust (9 points, 0 comments)
  92. 24 points, 2 submissions: x-15a2
    1. Hulu Live on Roku, Bad Combination (13 points, 13 comments)
    2. DIY Network on Hulu Live (11 points, 2 comments)
  93. 23 points, 3 submissions: Chess_tactician
    1. Good service, horrible interface (16 points, 6 comments)
    2. Why commercials on "No Commercial" plan (4 points, 13 comments)
    3. Unlimited screens/remote devices (3 points, 5 comments)
  94. 23 points, 1 submission: TammyShehole
    1. Is there no way to remove shows from the “keep watching” list? (23 points, 2 comments)
  95. 23 points, 1 submission: greengarden74
    1. Hulu Live TV - delays (23 points, 16 comments)
  96. 23 points, 1 submission: mccannr1
    1. Possible good news for hulu on android tV (23 points, 9 comments)
  97. 23 points, 1 submission: spike_trees
    1. Is Hulu not putting up new episodes of SNL? (23 points, 14 comments)
  98. 23 points, 1 submission: vclapper
    1. Won’t let me watch anything, every single show looks like this, anyone know why? (23 points, 9 comments)
  99. 23 points, 1 submission: z06gal
    1. New to Hulu live tv and love it (23 points, 16 comments)
  100. 22 points, 1 submission: activatesmyalmonds
    1. How do I make Hulu always start from the beginning of an episode? (22 points, 4 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. Paper_Coyote (239 points, 69 comments)
  2. abakesacake (232 points, 1 comment)
  3. WarpSeven (224 points, 96 comments)
  4. bryanesler (213 points, 71 comments)
  5. akmcbroom (197 points, 104 comments)
  6. NobodyByChoice (133 points, 50 comments)
  7. ElaborateTaleofWoe (132 points, 2 comments)
  8. Chr0mag (130 points, 52 comments)
  9. juventuz (104 points, 44 comments)
  10. jmwebb22 (104 points, 43 comments)
  11. undergroundmma (100 points, 45 comments)
  12. midtowndude (97 points, 7 comments)
  13. drv687 (94 points, 48 comments)
  14. Ctmarlin (82 points, 3 comments)
  15. Talrynn_Sorrowyn (79 points, 28 comments)
  16. fudge_u (76 points, 14 comments)
  17. -xenomorph- (75 points, 19 comments)
  18. splsplinter24 (75 points, 6 comments)
  19. xrixxirx (74 points, 19 comments)
  20. Ajs1004 (72 points, 39 comments)
  21. jsparker77 (71 points, 21 comments)
  22. Foxy-Knoxy (71 points, 12 comments)
  23. Nowhere_To_Go_ (69 points, 3 comments)
  24. c1ncinasty (68 points, 7 comments)
  25. BabyStockholmSyndrom (66 points, 2 comments)
  26. bdgofish (65 points, 37 comments)
  27. GoombaEkim (65 points, 12 comments)
  28. MochaLove1 (62 points, 3 comments)
  29. Kuckucksuhr (59 points, 16 comments)
  30. BrianBuster (59 points, 9 comments)
  31. Goweschon (57 points, 22 comments)
  32. 9Blu (56 points, 5 comments)
  33. 5ykes (55 points, 10 comments)
  34. WagonsFullofBands (53 points, 5 comments)
  35. anonRedd (50 points, 23 comments)
  36. GadgetFreeky (50 points, 4 comments)
  37. puppytargaryen (49 points, 12 comments)
  38. Sum_Dum_Gui (49 points, 10 comments)
  39. dsmitty166 (47 points, 20 comments)
  40. miggitymikeb (47 points, 15 comments)
  41. 3nuts1man (47 points, 13 comments)
  42. Madly_Maxie (47 points, 2 comments)
  43. Haltopen (46 points, 6 comments)
  44. Datathrash (44 points, 5 comments)
  45. ShadySean (44 points, 2 comments)
  46. ScrollButtons (43 points, 2 comments)
  47. Leonardosmom (42 points, 25 comments)
  48. HulkSmash313 (42 points, 5 comments)
  49. D_O_I_F (42 points, 3 comments)
  50. kinnaq (42 points, 1 comment)
  51. ThrowUpDaX (41 points, 15 comments)
  52. strikeMang (40 points, 11 comments)
  53. uuff (39 points, 11 comments)
  54. PM_ME_THEM_UPTOPS (39 points, 5 comments)
  55. Foobar789 (38 points, 20 comments)
  56. elizabethjamesjacobs (38 points, 2 comments)
  57. NotoriousOKC (38 points, 1 comment)
  58. STEAL-THIS-NAME (37 points, 5 comments)
  59. adferris85 (36 points, 17 comments)
  60. Smallgenie549 (36 points, 5 comments)
  61. lovingyou911 (35 points, 12 comments)
  62. joeret (35 points, 5 comments)
  63. sethpetersen (34 points, 10 comments)
  64. pezzygal (34 points, 8 comments)
  65. Ag3ntK3ntucky (33 points, 17 comments)
  66. sherlip (33 points, 10 comments)
  67. AmnesiaInnocent (33 points, 8 comments)
  68. DosesAndNeuroses (33 points, 4 comments)
  69. decoy_effect (33 points, 2 comments)
  70. Jaques_Strappe (32 points, 17 comments)
  71. Matt_XY (32 points, 4 comments)
  72. stechreddit (32 points, 2 comments)
  73. Thumper13 (31 points, 5 comments)
  74. Hmluker (31 points, 4 comments)
  75. Creeper1981 (30 points, 6 comments)
  76. timrbrady (30 points, 6 comments)
  77. daylightxx (30 points, 4 comments)
  78. Yortisme (30 points, 1 comment)
  79. sgd1031 (29 points, 15 comments)
  80. AVonGauss (29 points, 12 comments)
  81. ButWaitTheresAnxiety (29 points, 11 comments)
  82. T-Town2468 (29 points, 6 comments)
  83. MossBoss (29 points, 2 comments)
  84. rsprobo (28 points, 7 comments)
  85. rockstang (28 points, 6 comments)
  86. Bhairitu (27 points, 15 comments)
  87. NCResident5 (27 points, 13 comments)
  88. ericerk123 (27 points, 12 comments)
  89. shirts21 (27 points, 8 comments)
  90. ChoiceD (27 points, 6 comments)
  91. ClintSlunt (27 points, 3 comments)
  92. King-Of-Rats (27 points, 3 comments)
  93. kkkkat (27 points, 3 comments)
  94. NaieraDK (26 points, 12 comments)
  95. Snannybobo (26 points, 11 comments)
  96. briveltt (26 points, 8 comments)
  97. AngryRooster223 (26 points, 7 comments)
  98. throwawayyyyyyyy888 (26 points, 7 comments)
  99. JustifiablyAwesome (25 points, 12 comments)
  100. atan420 (25 points, 10 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. Hulu not working by BrianBuster (219 points, 216 comments)
  2. King of The Hill, please. by KingEllesar (209 points, 24 comments)
  3. Hulu Down? by -xenomorph- (160 points, 200 comments)
  4. Hulu is telling me playback failure, anyone else have this? by jdpm1991 (120 points, 106 comments)
  5. 'Jeopardy' Will Now Stream on Netflix and Hulu by razmig (115 points, 12 comments)
  6. ‘Veronica Mars’ Revival Ordered to Series at Hulu by shabuluba (111 points, 14 comments)
  7. PSA: The League is now streaming on Hulu by StirCharles (104 points, 17 comments)
  8. ‘Jeopardy!’ Comes to Hulu in Quiz Show’s First Streaming Deal by WarpSeven (102 points, 12 comments)
  9. 'Make It' is a must watch. by grim2577 (99 points, 30 comments)
  10. Discovery stock sees best day in 8 years after announcing it will exclusively stream shows on Hulu by WarpSeven (98 points, 7 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 232 points: abakesacake's comment in Hulu not working
  2. 119 points: ElaborateTaleofWoe's comment in Hulu Down?
  3. 63 points: BabyStockholmSyndrom's comment in Hulu not working
  4. 55 points: midtowndude's comment in Hulu Down?
  5. 51 points: splsplinter24's comment in Hulu Is on Track to Lose $1.5 Billion in 2018
  6. 43 points: ShadySean's comment in Hulu not working
  7. 42 points: kinnaq's comment in Hulu Down?
  8. 41 points: 9Blu's comment in Hulu is now requiring live TV subscription for old shows?
  9. 41 points: Ctmarlin's comment in Hulu Down?
  10. 38 points: Madly_Maxie's comment in Hulu not working
Generated with BBoe's Subreddit Stats
submitted by subreddit_stats to subreddit_stats [link] [comments]

THE AMAZING COMPUTERIZED CAPITAL TOOL - STATE STREET

THE AMAZING COMPUTERIZED CAPITAL TOOL - STATE STREET

https://preview.redd.it/25jl5g4up1t11.jpg?width=1024&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=21cc32328e3160764ab72577935828d5ddf6f3f2
State Street has done wonders in the transacting money sector. As long as you have an access to the internet and an electronic gadget like an android phone or desktop, you are free to access its services from anywhere. Also, it makes faster your online business, e-commerce and individual cash outs transaction. By enjoying also this benefits of State street, you are able to make some good amount of savings compared to the traditional way of transacting money. It the best answer and trusted partner in your money transaction to grasp.
While state street gives a favorable environment that the seller and buyer will love to transact in; making the infrastructure sector virtue currency grow gradually, it will add you a great experience of moving your money in the safest, quick and secure manner; giving you a good experience. It has different wallets for its customers like; laptop wallet- windows, Mac and iOS, web wallet, phone gadget wallet- android app and iOS app. Phone gadgets wallet is made in a manner that it gives you the maximum security as a user. Also, it’s easy and simple to use app that you can be sure of satisfying all your needs. Because of its features and specifications- high security and its simple but detailed highlights, State street is the number one choice for bitcoin customers and brokers globally. On buying a Bitcoin or any form of computerized capital in companies like Kraken and Coinbase, you are granted a chance to manage your share in the company. All these make it a good niche to deal with your computerized money.
State Street debit card is one of the best attainable manners which makes payments or any money movement simple and easy. With this card, you are able to transact money anywhere in the world, at any time you wish. It can also be used in withdrawal and transferal of money on ATM. All you are needed to do to receive this card is to register an account and in about 2 to 6 minutes process you will have your card. The process involves filling personal data and verification of KYC to confirm the user’s identity. Once you are through the registration process, the card will be delivered to you through your email provided free of charge as the terms and conditions apply. The exchange of money using Statestreet does not rely upon the third person in possession of the money but involves a transfer of money by customers one-on- one over an automatic system. The transaction of money is like a distributed ledger; all data is stored in Blockchain which is an open manner. After the transaction or the information about it, the exchange manager does not keep any individual information or the balances of a user. State street is carrying out research and at the same time advancing its investment fund. It is also putting the money with other investors to enjoy the benefits of group work.
In conclusion, state street is the right track to follow as it answers your problems and gives you chances to become successful. The idea did not just start from anywhere but it was developed after many years of research on the needs of computerized money and internet customers.
submitted by statestreete to u/statestreete [link] [comments]

The Amazing Investment Program of 2018: StateStreete

The Amazing Investment Program of 2018: StateStreete

https://preview.redd.it/9b08hw2yp5r11.jpg?width=770&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=748db0a5646aa120101d0c408d83a6ea4ecc9e85
tate Street has done wonders in the transacting money sector. As long as you have an access to the internet and an electronic gadget like an android phone or desktop, you are free to access its services from anywhere. Also, it makes faster your online business, e-commerce and individual cash outs transaction. By enjoying also this benefits of State street, you are able to make some good amount of savings compared to the traditional way of transacting money. It the best answer and trusted partner in your money transaction to grasp.
While state street gives a favorable environment that the seller and buyer will love to transact in; making the infrastructure sector virtue currency grow gradually, it will add you a great experience of moving your money in the safest, quick and secure manner; giving you a good experience. It has different wallets for its customers like; laptop wallet- windows, Mac and iOS, web wallet, phone gadget wallet- android app and iOS app. Phone gadgets wallet is made in a manner that it gives you the maximum security as a user. Also, it’s easy and simple to use app that you can be sure of satisfying all your needs. Because of its features and specifications- high security and its simple but detailed highlights, State street is the number one choice for bitcoin customers and brokers globally. On buying a Bitcoin or any form of computerized capital in companies like Kraken and Coinbase, you are granted a chance to manage your share in the company. All these make it a good niche to deal with your computerized money.
State Street debit card is one of the best attainable manners which makes payments or any money movement simple and easy. With this card, you are able to transact money anywhere in the world, at any time you wish. It can also be used in withdrawal and transferal of money on ATM. All you are needed to do to receive this card is to register an account and in about 2 to 6 minutes process you will have your card. The process involves filling personal data and verification of KYC to confirm the user’s identity. Once you are through the registration process, the card will be delivered to you through your email provided free of charge as the terms and conditions apply. The exchange of money using Statestreet does not rely upon the third person in possession of the money but involves a transfer of money by customers one-on- one over an automatic system. The transaction of money is like a distributed ledger; all data is stored in Blockchain which is an open manner. After the transaction or the information about it, the exchange manager does not keep any individual information or the balances of a user. State street is carrying out research and at the same time advancing its investment fund. It is also putting the money with other investors to enjoy the benefits of group work.
In conclusion, state street is the right track to follow as it answers your problems and gives you chances to become successful. The idea did not just start from anywhere but it was developed after many years of research on the needs of computerized money and internet customers.
submitted by statestreete to u/statestreete [link] [comments]

Bitcoin widget for windows 10

I apologize if this is not the place for this post but I could not think of any other subs. Do any of you know any way to run a widget or "gadget" on the desktop that shows the current price of bitcoin? (windows 10).
submitted by Lucasrod12 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Mass Surveillance News Collection from 2010

>>>>>>>>> Mass Surveillance
>>>>>>>>> Cognitive Infiltration and Mass Social Psychology Abuse
>>>>>>>> Smartphone Intrusion, Remote activation of Mics and Cameras
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Ways and Means; Technology and Law
>>>>>>> AT&T
>>>>>>>>>> Amazon, Apple, Facebook, Google, Microsoft, Twitter, Yahoo
>>>>>>>> Goals
>>>>>>>>>>> Lies, Coverups, Resource Misuse, and Danger of Tacit Complicity
>>>>>> Global Deep State Cooperation and Imitation
>>>>>>>>> Hardware, Rootkit, FIrmware Spyware
>>>>>>>> Blowback
>>>>>> Exoteric, Stated Goals of the Security State Have Failed
....CONTINUED IN COMMENTS
submitted by 911bodysnatchers322 to conspiracy [link] [comments]

Reddit (stylized as reddit, /ˈrɛdɪt/)[5] is a social news aggregation, web content rating, and discussion website. Reddit's registered community members can submit content, such as text posts or direct links.

Registered users can then vote submissions up or down to organize the posts and determine their position on the site's pages. The submissions with the most positive votes appear on the front page or the top of a category. Content entries are organized by areas of interest called "subreddits". The subreddit topics include news, science, gaming, movies, music, books, fitness, food, and image-sharing, among many others. The site's terms of use prohibit behaviors such as harassment, and moderating and limiting harassment has taken substantial resources.[6]
As of 2016, Reddit had 542 million monthly visitors (234 million unique users), ranking #11 most visited web-site in US and #25 in the world.[7] Across 2015, Reddit saw 82.54 billion pageviews, 73.15 million submissions, 725.85 million comments, and 6.89 billion upvotes from its users.[8]
Reddit was founded by University of Virginia roommates Steve Huffman and Alexis Ohanian in 2005. Condé Nast Publications acquired the site in October 2006. Reddit became a direct subsidiary of Condé Nast's parent company, Advance Publications, in September 2011. As of August 2012, Reddit operates as an independent entity, although Advance is still its largest shareholder.[9] Reddit is based in San Francisco, California. In October 2014, Reddit raised $50 million in a funding round led by Sam Altman and including investors Marc Andreessen, Peter Thiel, Ron Conway, Snoop Dogg, and Jared Leto.[10] Their investment saw the company valued at $500 million.[11][12]
Contents
1 Description 1.1 Site 1.2 Users 1.3 Subreddits 1.3.1 IAmA and AMA 1.3.2 /science 1.3.3 April Fools subreddits 1.3.3.1 The Button 1.3.3.2 Robin 2 History 3 Technology 4 Demographics 5 Community and culture 5.1 Philanthropic efforts 5.2 Commercial activity 5.3 Reddit effect 5.4 "Restoring Truthiness" campaign 5.5 Controversies 5.5.1 2010 5.5.2 2011 5.5.3 2013 5.5.4 2014 5.5.5 2015 5.5.6 2016 6 Other 7 See also 8 References 9 External links 
Description Site
The site is a collection of entries submitted by its registered users, essentially a bulletin board system. The name "Reddit" is a play-on-words with the phrase "read it", i.e., "I read it on Reddit."[13] The site's content is divided into numerous categories, and 49 such categories, or "default subreddits", are visible on the front page to new users and those who browse the site without logging in to an account. As of May 2016, these include:[14] Category Subreddits Educational News, Science, Space, DataIsBeautiful, TodayILearned, WorldNews Entertainment Creepy, Documentaries, Gaming, ListenToThis, Movies, Music, NoSleep, Sports, Television, Videos Discussion-based AskReddit, AskScience, Books, ExplainLikeImFive, History, IAmA, TwoXChromosomes Humolight-hearted Funny, InternetIsBeautiful, Jokes, NotTheOnion, ShowerThoughts, TIFU, UpliftingNews Image sharing Art, Aww, EarthPorn, Gifs, MildlyInteresting, OldSchoolCool, PhotoshopBattles, Pics Self-improvement DIY, Food, GetMotivated, LifeProTips, PersonalFinance, Philosophy, WritingPrompts Technology Futurology, Gadgets Meta Announcements, Blog
Note: There are over 11,400 active subreddits[15][16][17] with a default set of 50 subreddits as of February 2016. 
When items (links or text posts) are submitted to a subreddit, the users, called "redditors",[18] can vote for or against them (upvote/downvote). Each subreddit has a front page that shows newer submissions that have been rated highly. Redditors can also post comments about the submission, and respond back and forth in a conversation-tree of comments; the comments themselves can also be upvoted and downvoted. The front page of the site itself shows a combination of the highest-rated posts out of all the subreddits a user is subscribed to.
Front-page rank – for both the general front page and for individual subreddits – is determined by the age of the submission, positive ("upvoted") to negative ("downvoted") feedback ratio and the total vote-count.[19] Dozens of submissions cycle through these front pages daily.
The site's logo and mascot is a line drawing of an alien nicknamed "Snoo". Subreddits often use themed variants of Snoo relevant to the subject.[20]
Although most of the site functions like a bulletin board or message board, each subreddit has the option of having an associated wiki that can provide supplementary material like instructions, recommended reading, or collaboration for real-life events. Users
Registering an account with Reddit is free and does not require an email address to complete. As of June 2015, there were 36 million user accounts.[21] When logged in, Reddit users (known as redditors) have the ability to vote on submissions and comments to increase or decrease their visibility and submit links and comments. Users can also create their own subreddit on a topic of their choosing, and interested users can add it to their frontpage by subscribing to it. For example, as of May 2015, the Wikipedia subreddit – subtitled "the most interesting pages on Wikipedia" – has over 151,000 subscribers.[22] Reddit comments and submissions are occasionally abbreviated and peppered with terms that are understood within (and in many cases also outside) the Reddit community, ranging from OP (for "original poster" – the user who posted the submission being commented upon) to NSFW (for "not safe for work" – indicating the post has graphic or sexually explicit content).[23] Users earn "post karma" and "comment karma" for submitting text posts, link posts, and comments, which accumulate as point values on their user profile. "Post karma" refers to karma points received from text and link posts, while "comment karma" refers to karma points received from comments. Users may also be gifted "Reddit gold" if another user has well received the comment or post, generally due to humorous or high quality content; this process is known as "gilding." Reddit has also created a system of points called "creddits". Reddit gold "creddits" are like gift certificates: each creddit you have allows you to give one month of Reddit gold to someone else. The points do not lead to a prize as they are meant to stand in as a badge of honor for the user among their peers, although redditors have attempted to redeem their points before.[24]
Reddit also allows submissions that do not link externally. These are called "self posts" or "text submissions". Many discussion-based subreddits allow only text-only submissions such as "AskReddit" – where users are only allowed to pose broad, discussion based questions to the community at large. Self posts previously did not accumulate karma points for the submitter, but as of July, 2016, these text only posts generate karma.[25] Mister Splashy Pants logo used on November 27, 2007
Reddit communities occasionally coordinate Reddit-external projects such as skewing polls on other websites, such as in 2007 when Greenpeace allowed web users to decide the name of a humpback whale it was tracking. Reddit users voted en masse to name the whale "Mr. Splashy Pants", and Reddit administrators further encouraged this by changing the site logo to a whale during the voting. In December of that year, Mister Splashy Pants was announced as the winner of the competition.[26]
Within the site, redditors commemorate their "cake day" once a year, which is the anniversary of the day the user's account was first created. The "cake day" offers no special benefit, except that a small icon representing a slice of cake appears next to that user's name for 24 hours.[27] Redditors can "friend" one another, which gives a redditor quick access to posting and comments of their friend list. The commenting system and friend system, along with a certain "Reddit ethos" (called reddiquette on Reddit), lend Reddit aspects of a social networking service, though not to the extent of Facebook, Google+, and other websites aimed at providing social networking services. The Reddit community also socializes at meetups held at local parks and bars around the world,[28] and many localized subreddits for local in-person meetings exist. Subreddits
Reddit entries are organized into areas of interest called "subreddits". Originally, the front page was the "main-reddit", and other areas were "subreddits". There is now no longer a single main-reddit. Instead, there are now 50 "default subreddits" dealing with topics such as books, television, and music, and thousands of additional non-default subreddits. The default subreddits are the 50 subreddits which are first recommended to new users to select from to appear on, or via their customizable top menu bars. All new users are initially automatically "subscribed to" the 50 default subreddits, but can then customize their "subscriptions."
Any registered user who has maintained an account for 31 days or more may create a non-default subreddit.[29] There are over 11,400 active total subreddits to peruse,[15][16][17] including the default set of 50 subreddits as of February 2016. The site has a default "Front Page" which contains staff selected popular articles, and also an "All Page" which contains only the very top ranked article/ subreddits as ranked by readers themselves, and which page is accessible via an "All" link at the top of the "Front Page."
In an interview with Memeburn, Reddit GM, Martin noted that the platform's "approach is to give the community moderators or curators as much control as possible so that they can shape and cultivate the type of communities they want".[30] IAmA and AMA
One of the most popular subreddits is IAmA ("I Am A") where a user may post "AMAs" (for "Ask Me Anything"), or similarly "AMAAs" (for "Ask Me Almost/Absolutely Anything") – prompts for others to ask questions about any topic. AMAs are open to all Reddit users, and use the site's comment system for both questions and answers; it is similar to a press conference but online. This subreddit was founded in May 2009.[31] From 2013 to 2015, Victoria Taylor assisted reddit's volunteer community in presenting interviews.[32][33][34]
A number of notable individuals have participated in the IAmA subreddit, including United States President Barack Obama[35][36] (while campaigning for the 2012 election), Dave Grohl,[37] Madonna,[38] Chris Hadfield[39] (who answered questions from the International Space Station), Bill Gates,[40] Ron Paul,[41] Stephen Colbert,[42] Psy, Enya, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Rachel Maddow, Renée Fleming, M. Shadows, Louis C.K., Roger Federer, Larry King, Philip Zimbardo, Bill Nye,[43] Stan Lee, John Mather, David Copperfield, Paul Krugman, Danny Boyle, rapper J. Cole,[44] Al Gore, Roger Ebert, Michael Bolton, Gary Johnson, Lawrence Krauss, Jill Stein, Kevin Rudd, Julie Benz,[45] Amanda Palmer,[46] Tim Ferriss,[47] Gordon Ramsay,[48] Peter Dinklage,[49] Chandra Wickramasinghe,[50] Neil deGrasse Tyson,[51] and Bernie Sanders.[52] Donald Trump (during his 2016 Presidential Campaign) had an AMA on /The Donald subreddit.[53] As of April 2015, Barack Obama's AMA is the highest rated on the site;[54] the increased traffic brought down many parts of the website when the AMA occurred on August 29, 2012.[55]
Celebrities participating in IAmAs have seen both positive and negative responses. Woody Harrelson's[56] AMA was criticized after Harrelson declined to answer questions that were unrelated to the movie Rampart he was promoting.[57] In contrast, rapper Snoop Dogg attracted 1.6 million page views[58] after conducting an AMA that provided several candid responses to the community's questions.[59]
Other than Harrelson's, Bollywood actress Priyanka Chopra's[60] AMA was criticized for evasiveness when she focused on promoting her upcoming album to the detriment of other questions. A particularly well received AMA of 2014 was that of Peter Dinklage,[61] best known for his role as Tyrion Lannister in the HBO drama series Game of Thrones. Redditors attribute the thread's success to the thoroughness of his responses and the fact that he stayed online much longer than he was expected to so he could spend more time with his fans. The actor departed by commenting:
This feels like being interviewed by a hundred thousand news anchors at once! But much friendlier anchors...who seem to know their material...I really appreciate everyone's enthusiasm and questions. I tried to move another engagement to make more time but it's really hard during shoots. I am going to try to answer a few more short ones now. And remember: If you see me on the street and want a photo, ask! It's just weird when your kid asks for directions.[62] 
On July 2, 2015, hundreds of subreddits, including several with over a million subscribers, were set to private by their respective moderators after Reddit's director of talent, Victoria Taylor, was dismissed.[63][64][65][66] Sources close to Reddit cited an increased focus on commercializing AMAs as the most likely reason.[67][68] /science File:American Chemical Society - What Chemists Do - Nathan Allen.webmPlay media Nathan Allen speaks about /science to the American Chemical Society Main article: /science
/science is an Internet forum on Reddit where the community of participants discuss science topics.[69] A popular feature of the forum is "Ask me Anything" (AMA) public discussions.[69] As of 2014, /science attracted 30,000-100,000 visitors per day, making it the largest community-managed science forum and an attractive place to host discussions.[69] April Fools subreddits The Button Main article: The Button (Reddit)
On April Fools' Day 2015, a social experiment was launched in the form of a subreddit called "thebutton". It featured a button and a 60-second countdown timer. User accounts created before that day were eligible to participate. A user could only ever click the button once, or opt not to click it. If a user clicked the button the timer was globally reset to 60 seconds,[70] and the user's "flair" (an icon next to the user's name) changed color. Colors were assigned based on a gradient from purple to red with purple signifying up to 60 seconds and red as low as 0 seconds. The countdown prematurely reached zero several times due to technical problems but eventually expired without further problems on June 5, 2015, after which the subreddit was archived.[71] Robin
On April Fools' Day 2016, a social experiment was launched in the form of a chat widget named Robin. After clicking the "Robin" button, an IRC-like chat window was initially opened with one other redditor and giving a certain time to pick between three options, "Grow," "Stay" and "Abandon".[72] "Grow" would join the chat with another group, "Stay" would close the group chat and create a subreddit with that group as moderators and "Abandon" would close the group chat and everyone goes back to a group of two. History Further information: Timeline of Reddit Co-founder Alexis Ohanian speaking in 2009
In June 2005,[73] Reddit was founded in Medford, Massachusetts by Steve Huffman and Alexis Ohanian, both 22-year-old graduates of the University of Virginia.[74] The team expanded to include Christopher Slowe in November 2005. Between November 2005 and January 2006 Reddit merged with Aaron Swartz's company Infogami, and Swartz became an equal owner of the resulting parent company, Not A Bug.[75][76] Condé Nast Publications, owner of Wired, acquired Reddit on October 31, 2006, and the team moved to San Francisco.[77] In January 2007, Swartz was fired.[78]
By the end of 2008, the team had grown to include Erik Martin, Jeremy Edberg,[79] David King,[80] and Mike Schiraldi.[81] In 2009, Huffman and Ohanian moved on to form Hipmunk, recruiting Slowe[82] and King[83] shortly thereafter. In May 2010, Reddit was named in Lead411's "2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies" list.[84] In July 2010, after explosive traffic growth, Reddit introduced Reddit Gold, offering new features for a price of $3.99/month or $29.99/year.[85] Reddit Gold adds a number of features to the interface, including the ability to display more comments on a page, access to the private "lounge" subreddit, and notifications whenever one's username is mentioned in a comment. It's also possible to endow comments or submissions of other users and thereby give a gold membership to them as an anonymous present.[86]
On September 6, 2011, Reddit became operationally independent of Condé Nast, now operating as a separate subsidiary of its parent company, Advance Publications.[87] On January 11, 2012, Reddit announced that it would be participating in a 12-hour sitewide blackout in protest of the Stop Online Piracy Act.[88] The blackout occurred on January 18 and coincided with the blackouts of Wikipedia and several other websites. In May 2012, Reddit joined the Internet Defense League, a group formed to organize future protests.[89] On February 14, 2013, Reddit began accepting the digital currency bitcoin for its Reddit Gold subscription service through a partnership with bitcoin payment processor Coinbase.[90]
In October 2014, Reddit announced Redditmade, a service which allowed moderators to create merchandise for their subreddits. Redditmade closed in February 2015.[91] In November 2014, Chief Executive Yishan Wong resigned and co-founder Ohanian returned as the full-time executive chairman. Ellen Pao, Reddit's business and partnerships strategist became the interim chief executive.[92] On July 10, 2015, Pao resigned and was replaced by Steve Huffman as CEO.[93][94]
In October 2015, Reddit announced a news portal called Upvoted, designed to broaden the reach of Reddit as a standalone site featuring editorial content from Reddit users.[95] In April 2016, Reddit launched a new blocking tool in an attempt to curb online harassment. The tool allows a user to hide posts and comments from selected redditors in addition to blocking private messages from those redditors.[96] The option to block a redditor is done by clicking a button in the inbox. Technology
Reddit was originally written in Common Lisp but was rewritten in Python in December 2005.[4] The reasons given for the switch were wider access to code libraries and greater development flexibility. The Python web framework that former Reddit employee Swartz developed to run the site, web.py, is now available as an open-source project.[97] On June 18, 2008, Reddit became an open source project.[98] With the exception of the anti-spam/cheating portions, all of the code and libraries written for Reddit became freely available on GitHub.[99] As of November 10, 2009, Reddit uses Pylons as its web framework.[100]
As of November 10, 2009, Reddit has decommissioned their physical servers and migrated to Amazon Web Services.[101] Reddit uses PostgreSQL as their primary datastore and is slowly moving to Apache Cassandra, a column-oriented datastore. It uses RabbitMQ for offline processing, HAProxy for load balancing and memcached for caching. In early 2009, Reddit started using jQuery.[102] On June 7, 2010, Reddit staff launched a revamped mobile interface featuring rewritten CSS, a new color scheme, and a multitude of improvements.[103]
On July 21, 2010, Reddit outsourced the Reddit search engine to Flaptor, who used its search product IndexTank.[104] As of July 12, 2012, Reddit uses Amazon CloudSearch.[105] There are several unofficial applications that use the Reddit API in the Google Play store, and F-Droid repository. Examples include: Reddit is Fun,[106] Andreddit,[107] F5, BaconReader,[108] Reddit Sync[109] and an Android tablet specific application called Reddita.[110] There are also several Windows apps used to access Reddit, including unofficial Reddit apps such as ReddHub[111] and Reddit To Go!.[112] An unofficial desktop application Reditr[113] exists that is compatible with Windows, OS X, Linux and ChromeOS.
There are several Reddit applications for iOS. These include Karma, Upvote, iReddit, iPad-specific applications such as Reddzine and Biscuit, and, until April 2016, Alien Blue.[114] In September 2014, an official mobile application for browsing AMA (Ask Me Anything) threads was released for the iOS and Android platforms under the name Ask me Anything.[115] In October 2014, Alien Blue was acquired by Reddit and became the official iOS Reddit app.[116] In April 2016, Reddit released an official application called Reddit: The Official App, which is available on Google Play and the iOS App Store, and Alien Blue was removed from the App Store in favor of the new app.[117] Demographics
According to Reddit's Audience and Demographics page, as of December 2015, 53% of redditors are male and 54% are from the United States.[118] In 2013 Pewinternet.org stated that 6% of all American adult Internet users have used Reddit; that males were twice as likely to be redditors as females were; and that Reddit's largest age bracket was between the ages of 18 and 29.[119] Community and culture
The website is known for its open nature and diverse user community that generate its content.[120] Its demographics allows for wide-ranging subject areas, or main subreddits, that receive much attention, as well as the ability for smaller subreddits to serve more niche purposes. For example, the University of Reddit, a subreddit that exists to communally teach, emerged from the ability to enter and leave the online forum, the "classroom", at will, and classes ranging from computer science to music, to fine art theory exist.[121] The unique possibilities that subreddits provide create new opportunities for raising attention and fostering discussion across many areas. In gaining popularity in terms of unique users per day, Reddit has been a platform for many to raise publicity for a number of causes. And with that increased ability to garner attention and a large audience, users can use one of the largest communities on the Internet for new, revolutionary, and influential purposes.[122]
Its popularity has enabled users to take unprecedented advantage of such a large community. Its innovative socially ranked rating and sorting system drives a method that is useful for fulfilling certain goals of viewership or simply finding answers to interesting questions. User sentiments about the website's function and structure include feelings about the breadth and depth of the discussions on Reddit and how the site makes it easy to discover new and interesting items. Almost all of the user reviews on Alexa.com, which rates Reddit's monthly unique traffic rating 125th in the United States, mention Reddit's "good content" as a likable quality. However, others raise the negative aspects of the potential for Reddit's communities to possess a "hive mind" of sorts,[123] embodying some negative aspects of group interaction theories like crowd psychology and collective consciousness. Philanthropic efforts
Reddit has been known as the instigator of several charity projects, some short and others long-term, in order to benefit others. A selection of major events are outlined below:
In early October 2010, a story was posted on Reddit about a seven-year-old girl, Kathleen Edward, who was in the advanced stages of Huntington's disease. The girl's neighbors were taunting her and her family. Redditors banded together and gave the girl a shopping spree[124][125] at Tree Town Toys, a toy store local to the story owned by a Reddit user. In early December 2010, members of the Christianity subreddit decided to hold a fundraiser[126] and later members of the atheism subreddit decided to give some friendly competition,[127] cross-promoting[128] fundraising drives for Doctors Without Borders and World Vision's Clean Water Fund, respectively. Later, the Islam subreddit joined in, raising money for Islamic Relief. In less than a week, the three communities (as well as the Reddit community at large) raised over $50,000.[129] Most of this was raised by the atheism subreddit, though the smaller Christianity subreddit had a higher average donation amount per subscriber.[130] A similar donation drive in 2011 saw the atheism subreddit raise over $200,000 for charity.[131] Reddit started the largest Secret Santa program in the world, which is still in operation to date. For the 2010 Holiday season, 92 countries were involved in the Secret Santa program. There were 17,543 participants, and $662,907.60 was collectively spent on gift purchases and shipping costs.[132][133][134] In 2014, about 200,000 users from 188 countries participated.[135] Several Celebrities have participated in the program, including Bill Gates[136] and Snoop Dogg.[137] Eventually, the Secret Santa program expanded to various other occasions through Redditgifts. Members from Reddit donated over $600,000 to DonorsChoose in support of Stephen Colbert's March to Keep Fear Alive. The donation spree broke previous records for the most money donated to a single cause by the Reddit community and resulted in an interview with Colbert on Reddit.[138] Reddit users donated $185,356 to Direct Relief for Haiti after an earthquake devastated the nation in January 2010.[139] Reddit users donated over $70,000 to the Faraja Orphanage in the first 24 hours to help secure the orphanage after intruders robbed and attacked one of the volunteers, who survived a strike to the head from a machete.[140] In October 2012, "Shitty Watercolour", a popular Redditor known for posting watercolor paintings on the website,[141][142][143] streamed live a 12-hour painting session on YouTube to raise money for charity: water, a non-profit organization which aims to provide potable drinking water in developing countries. Redditors donated a minimum of $10 to have a photo of their choice painted in a 5 by 5 centimetres (2.0 by 2.0 in) square section of large sheets of paper.[144][145] The paint-a-thon raised $2,700.[146] In February 2014, Reddit announced it would be donating 10% of its annual ad revenue to non-profits voted upon by its users.[147] Reddit continued this policy for 2015, donating $82,765 each to Electronic Frontier Foundation, Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Doctors Without Borders, Erowid Center, Wikimedia Foundation, Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies, NPR, Free Software Foundation, Freedom From Religion Foundation, and Tor Project.[148] In response to the 2015 Nepal Earthquake, redditors raised more than $145,000 for Direct Relief and more than $110,000 for MAP International.[149] 
Commercial activity
In February 2013, Betabeat published a post that recognized the influx of multi-national corporations like Costco, Taco Bell, Subaru, and McDonald's posting branded content on Reddit that was made to appear as if it was original content from legitimate Reddit users.[150] Reddit's former Director of Communications noted that while a large number of Chief Marketing Officers want to "infiltrate the reddit community on behalf of their brand," she emphasized that "self-promotion is frowned upon" and the site is "100 percent organic."[151][152][153][154] She recommended that advertisers design promotions that "spark conversations and feedback."[155] She recommended that businesses use AMAs to get attention for public figures but cautioned "It is important to approach AMAs carefully and be aware that this may not be a fit for every project or client."[156] Nissan ran a successful Branded content promotion offering users free gifts to publicize a new car,[157][158] though the company was later ridiculed for suspected astroturfing when the CEO only answered puff piece questions on the site.[159][160] Taylor described these situations as "high risk" noting "We try hard to educate people that they have to treat questions that may seem irreverent or out of left field the same as they would questions about the specific project they are promoting."[161]
Reddit's users are more privacy-conscious than on other websites, using tools like AdBlock and proxies,[162] and they hate "feeling manipulated by brands" but respond well to "content that begs for intelligent viewers and participants."[163] Lauren Orsini writes in ReadWrite that "Reddit's huge community is the perfect hype machine for promoting a new movie, a product release, or a lagging political campaign" but "very specific set of etiquette. Redditors don't want to advertise for you, they want to talk to you."[164] Journalists have used the site as a basis for stories, though they are advised by the site's policies to respect that "reddit's communities belong to their members" and to seek proper attribution for people's contributions.[165]
Reddit announced that they would begin using VigLink to redirect affiliate links in June 2016.[166] Reddit effect Main article: Slashdot effect
Also known as the "Slashdot effect", the Reddit effect occurs when a smaller website has a high influx of traffic after being linked to on Reddit.[167] It is also called the "Reddit Hug of Death" among the website's users. Because Reddit is such a large site, the traffic is immense and can easily crash smaller sites. In order for users to see crashed websites, several Reddit bots have been created that take a snapshot of the website before large amounts of traffic flood the affected website. "Restoring Truthiness" campaign
As a response to Glenn Beck's August 28, 2010, Restoring Honor rally (heavily promoted by him in his Fox News broadcasts during the summer), in September 2010 Reddit users started a movement to persuade Stephen Colbert to have a counter-rally in Washington, D.C.[168] The movement, which came to be called "Restoring Truthiness", was started by user mrsammercer, in a post where he described waking up from a dream in which Stephen Colbert was holding a satirical rally in D.C.[169] He writes, "This would be the high water mark of American satire. Half a million people pretending to suspend all rational thought in unison. Perfect harmony. It'll feel like San Francisco in the late 60s, only we won't be able to get any acid."
The idea resonated with the Reddit community, which launched a campaign to bring the event to life. Over $600,000[170] was raised for charity to gain the attention of Colbert. The campaign was mentioned on-air several times, and when the Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear was held in Washington, D.C. on October 30, 2010, thousands of redditors made the journey.[171]
During a post-rally press conference, Reddit co-founder Ohanian asked, "What role did the Internet campaign play in convincing you to hold this rally?" Jon Stewart responded by saying that, though it was a very nice gesture, the two had already thought of the idea prior and the deposit on using the National Mall was already paid during the summer, so it acted mostly as a "validation of what we were thinking about attempting".[172] In a message to the Reddit community, Colbert later added, "I have no doubt that your efforts to organize and the joy you clearly brought to your part of the story contributed greatly to the turnout and success."[173]
See also
General
Crowdsourcing Internet culture PTT Bulletin Board System Social bookmarking Unidan Web 2.0 iconInternet portal 
Similar websites
Delicious Digg Diigo Fark Imzy Kuro5hin MetaFilter StumbleUpon Voat 
submitted by NERDSLAYER_Y2K to Negareddit [link] [comments]

Second.

Reddit (stylized as reddit, /ˈrɛdɪt/)[5] is an American social news aggregation, web content rating, and discussion website. Reddit's registered community members can submit content, such as text posts or direct links. Registered users can then vote submissions up or down to organize the posts and determine their position on the site's pages. The submissions with the most positive votes appear on the front page or the top of a category. Content entries are organized by areas of interest called "subreddits". The subreddit topics include news, science, gaming, movies, music, books, fitness, food, and image-sharing, among many others. The site's terms of use prohibit behaviors such as harassment, and moderating and limiting harassment has taken substantial resources.[6]
As of 2017, Reddit had 542 million monthly visitors (234 million unique users), ranking #7 most visited web-site in US and #22 in the world.[7] Across 2015, Reddit saw 82.54 billion pageviews, 73.15 million submissions, 725.85 million comments, and 6.89 billion upvotes from its users.[8]
Reddit was founded by University of Virginia roommates Steve Huffman and Alexis Ohanian in 2005. Condé Nast Publications acquired the site in October 2006. Reddit became a direct subsidiary of Condé Nast's parent company, Advance Publications, in September 2011. As of August 2012, Reddit operates as an independent entity, although Advance is still its largest shareholder.[9] Reddit is based in San Francisco, California. In October 2014, Reddit raised $50 million in a funding round led by Sam Altman and including investors Marc Andreessen, Peter Thiel, Ron Conway, Snoop Dogg, and Jared Leto.[10] Their investment saw the company valued at $500 million.[11][12]
Contents
1 Description 1.1 Site 1.2 Users 1.3 Subreddits 1.3.1 IAmA and AMA 1.3.2 /science 1.3.3 April Fools subreddits 1.3.3.1 The Button 1.3.3.2 Robin 2 History 3 Technology 4 Demographics 5 Community and culture 5.1 Philanthropic efforts 5.2 Commercial activity 5.3 Reddit effect 5.4 "Restoring Truthiness" campaign 5.5 Controversies 5.5.1 2010 5.5.2 2011 5.5.3 2013 5.5.4 2014 5.5.5 2015 5.5.6 2016 5.5.7 2017 6 Other 7 See also 8 References 9 External links 
Description Site
The site is a collection of entries submitted by its registered users, essentially a bulletin board system. The name "Reddit" is a play-on-words with the phrase "read it", i.e., "I read it on Reddit."[13] The site's content is divided into numerous categories, and 49 such categories, or "default subreddits", are visible on the front page to new users and those who browse the site without logging in to an account. As of May 2016, these include:[14] Category Subreddits Educational News, Science, Space, DataIsBeautiful, TodayILearned, WorldNews Entertainment Creepy, Documentaries, Gaming, ListenToThis, Movies, Music, NoSleep, Sports, Television, Videos Discussion-based AskReddit, AskScience, Books, ExplainLikeImFive, History, IAmA, TwoXChromosomes Humolight-hearted Funny, InternetIsBeautiful, Jokes, NotTheOnion, ShowerThoughts, TIFU, UpliftingNews Image sharing Art, Aww, EarthPorn, Gifs, MildlyInteresting, OldSchoolCool, PhotoshopBattles, Pics Self-improvement DIY, Food, GetMotivated, LifeProTips, PersonalFinance, Philosophy, WritingPrompts Technology Futurology, Gadgets Meta Announcements, Blog
Note: There are over 11,400 active subreddits[15][16][17] with a default set of 50 subreddits as of February 2016. 
When items (links or text posts) are submitted to a subreddit, the users, called "redditors",[18] can vote for or against them (upvote/downvote). Each subreddit has a front page that shows newer submissions that have been rated highly. Redditors can also post comments about the submission, and respond back and forth in a conversation-tree of comments; the comments themselves can also be upvoted and downvoted. The front page of the site itself shows a combination of the highest-rated posts out of all the subreddits a user is subscribed to.
Front-page rank – for both the general front page and for individual subreddits – is determined by the age of the submission, positive ("upvoted") to negative ("downvoted") feedback ratio and the total vote-count.[19] Dozens of submissions cycle through these front pages daily.
The site's logo and its mascot is a line drawing of an alien nicknamed "Snoo". Subreddits often use themed variants of Snoo relevant to the subject.[20]
Although most of the site functions like a bulletin board or message board, each subreddit has the option of having an associated wiki that can provide supplementary material like instructions, recommended reading, or collaboration for real-life events. Users
Registering an account with Reddit is free and does not require an email address to complete. As of June 2015, there were 36 million user accounts.[21] When logged in, Reddit users (known as redditors) have the ability to vote on submissions and comments to increase or decrease their visibility and submit links and comments. Users can also create their own subreddit on a topic of their choosing, and interested users can add it to their frontpage by subscribing to it. For example, as of May 2015, the Wikipedia subreddit – subtitled "the most interesting pages on Wikipedia" – has over 151,000 subscribers.[22] Reddit comments and submissions are occasionally abbreviated and peppered with terms that are understood within (and in many cases also outside) the Reddit community, ranging from OP (for "original poster" – the user who posted the submission being commented upon) to NSFW (for "not safe for work" – indicating the post has graphic or sexually explicit content).[23] Users earn "post karma" and "comment karma" for submitting text posts, link posts, and comments, which accumulate as point values on their user profile. "Post karma" refers to karma points received from text and link posts, while "comment karma" refers to karma points received from comments. Users may also be gifted "Reddit gold" if another user has well received the comment or post, generally due to humorous or high-quality content; this process is known as "gilding." Reddit has also created a system of points called "creddits". Reddit gold "creddits" are like gift certificates: each creddit you have allows you to give one month of Reddit gold to someone else. The points do not lead to a prize as they are meant to stand in as a badge of honor for the user among their peers, although redditors have attempted to redeem their points before.[24]
Reddit also allows submissions that do not link externally. These are called "self posts" or "text submissions". Many discussion-based subreddits allow only text-only submissions such as "AskReddit" – where users are only allowed to pose broad, discussion based questions to the community at large. Self posts previously did not accumulate karma points for the submitter, but as of July, 2016, these text-only posts generate karma.[25] Mister Splashy Pants logo used on November 27, 2007
Reddit communities occasionally coordinate Reddit-external projects such as skewing polls on other websites, such as in 2007 when Greenpeace allowed web users to decide the name of a humpback whale it was tracking. Reddit users voted en masse to name the whale "Mr. Splashy Pants", and Reddit administrators further encouraged this by changing the site logo to a whale during the voting. In December of that year, Mister Splashy Pants was announced as the winner of the competition.[26]
Within the site, redditors commemorate their "cake day" once a year, which is the anniversary of the day the user's account was first created. The "cake day" offers no special benefit, except that a small icon representing a slice of cake appears next to that user's name for 24 hours.[27] Redditors can "friend" one another, which gives a redditor quick access to posting and comments of their friend list. The commenting system and friend system, along with a certain "Reddit ethos" (called reddiquette on Reddit), lend Reddit aspects of a social networking service, though not to the extent of Facebook, Google+, and other websites aimed at providing social networking services. The Reddit community also socializes at meetups held at local parks and bars around the world,[28] and many localized subreddits for local in-person meetings exist. Subreddits
Reddit entries are organized into areas of interest called "subreddits". Originally, the front page was the "main-reddit", and other areas were "subreddits". There is now no longer a single main-reddit. Instead, there are now 50 "default subreddits" dealing with topics such as books, television, and music, and thousands of additional non-default subreddits. The default subreddits are the 50 subreddits which are first recommended to new users to select from to appear on, or via their customizable top menu bars. All new users are initially automatically "subscribed to" the 50 default subreddits, but can then customize their "subscriptions."
Any registered user who has maintained an account for 31 days or more may create a non-default subreddit.[29] There are over 11,400 active total subreddits to peruse,[15][16][17] including the default set of 50 subreddits as of February 2016. The site has a default "Front Page" which contains staff selected popular articles, and also an "All Page" which contains only the very top ranked article/ subreddits as ranked by readers themselves, and which page is accessible via an "All" link at the top of the "Front Page."
In an interview with Memeburn, Reddit GM, Martin noted that the platform's "approach is to give the community moderators or curators as much control as possible so that they can shape and cultivate the type of communities they want".[30] IAmA and AMA
One of the most popular subreddits is IAmA ("I Am A") where a user may post "AMAs" (for "Ask Me Anything"), or similarly "AMAAs" (for "Ask Me Almost/Absolutely Anything") – prompts for others to ask questions about any topic. AMAs are open to all Reddit users, and use the site's comment system for both questions and answers; it is similar to a press conference but online. This subreddit was founded in May 2009.[31] From 2013 to 2015, Victoria Taylor assisted reddit's volunteer community in presenting interviews.[32][33][34]
A number of notable individuals have participated in the IAmA subreddit, including United States President Barack Obama[35][36] (while campaigning for the 2012 election), Dave Grohl,[37] Madonna,[38] Chris Hadfield[39] (who answered questions from the International Space Station), Bill Gates,[40] Ron Paul,[41] Stephen Colbert,[42] Psy, Enya, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Rachel Maddow, Robin Williams,[43] Renée Fleming, M. Shadows, Louis C.K., Roger Federer, Larry King, Philip Zimbardo, Bill Nye,[44] Stan Lee, John Mather, David Copperfield, Michael Moore, Spike Lee, Paul Krugman, Danny Boyle, rapper J. Cole,[45] Al Gore, Roger Ebert, Michael Bolton, Gary Johnson, Lawrence Krauss, Jill Stein, Kevin Rudd, Julie Benz,[46] Amanda Palmer,[47] Tim Ferriss,[48] Gordon Ramsay,[49] Peter Dinklage,[50] Chandra Wickramasinghe,[51] Neil deGrasse Tyson,[52] and Bernie Sanders.[53] Donald Trump (during his 2016 Presidential Campaign) had an AMA on /The Donald subreddit.[54] As of April 2015, Barack Obama's AMA is the highest rated on the site;[55] the increased traffic brought down many parts of the website when the AMA occurred on August 29, 2012.[56]
Celebrities participating in IAmAs have seen both positive and negative responses. Woody Harrelson's[57] AMA was criticized after Harrelson declined to answer questions that were unrelated to the movie Rampart he was promoting.[58] In contrast, rapper Snoop Dogg attracted 1.6 million page views[59] after conducting an AMA that provided several candid responses to the community's questions.[60]
Other than Harrelson's, Bollywood actress Priyanka Chopra's[61] AMA was criticized for evasiveness when she focused on promoting her upcoming album to the detriment of other questions. A particularly well received AMA of 2014 was that of Peter Dinklage,[62] best known for his role as Tyrion Lannister in the HBO drama series Game of Thrones. Redditors attribute the thread's success to the thoroughness of his responses and the fact that he stayed online much longer than he was expected to so he could spend more time with his fans. The actor departed by commenting:
This feels like being interviewed by a hundred thousand news anchors at once! But much friendlier anchors...who seem to know their material...I really appreciate everyone's enthusiasm and questions. I tried to move another engagement to make more time but it's really hard during shoots. I am going to try to answer a few more short ones now. And remember: If you see me on the street and want a photo, ask! It's just weird when your kid asks for directions.[63] 
On July 2, 2015, hundreds of subreddits, including several with over a million subscribers, were set to private by their respective moderators after Reddit's director of talent, Victoria Taylor, was dismissed.[64][65][66][67] Sources close to Reddit cited an increased focus on commercializing AMAs as the most likely reason.[68][69] /science File:American Chemical Society - What Chemists Do - Nathan Allen.webmPlay media Nathan Allen speaks about /science to the American Chemical Society Main article: /science
/science is an Internet forum on Reddit where the community of participants discuss science topics.[70] A popular feature of the forum is "Ask me Anything" (AMA) public discussions.[70] As of 2014, /science attracted 30,000–100,000 visitors per day, making it the largest community-managed science forum and an attractive place to host discussions.[70] April Fools subreddits The Button Main article: The Button (Reddit)
On April Fools' Day 2015, a social experiment was launched in the form of a subreddit called "thebutton". It featured a button and a 60-second countdown timer. User accounts created before that day were eligible to participate. A user could only ever click the button once, or opt not to click it. If a user clicked the button the timer was globally reset to 60 seconds,[71] and the user's "flair" (an icon next to the user's name) changed color. Colors were assigned based on a gradient from purple to red with purple signifying up to 60 seconds and red as low as 0 seconds. The countdown prematurely reached zero several times due to technical problems but eventually expired without further problems on June 5, 2015, after which the subreddit was archived.[72] Robin
On April Fools' Day 2016, a social experiment was launched in the form of a chat widget named Robin. After clicking the "Robin" button, an IRC-like chat window was initially opened with one other redditor and giving a certain time to pick between three options, "Grow," "Stay" and "Abandon".[73] "Grow" would join the chat with another group, "Stay" would close the group chat and create a subreddit with that group as moderators and "Abandon" would close the group chat and everyone goes back to a group of two. History Further information: Timeline of Reddit Co-founder Alexis Ohanian speaking in 2009
In June 2005,[74] Reddit was founded in Medford, Massachusetts by Steve Huffman and Alexis Ohanian, both 22-year-old graduates of the University of Virginia.[75] The team expanded to include Christopher Slowe in November 2005. Between November 2005 and January 2006 Reddit merged with Aaron Swartz's company Infogami, and Swartz became an equal owner of the resulting parent company, Not A Bug.[76][77] Condé Nast Publications, owner of Wired, acquired Reddit on October 31, 2006, and the team moved to San Francisco.[78] In January 2007, Swartz was fired.[79]
By the end of 2008, the team had grown to include Erik Martin, Jeremy Edberg,[80] David King,[81] and Mike Schiraldi.[82] In 2009, Huffman and Ohanian moved on to form Hipmunk, recruiting Slowe[83] and King[84] shortly thereafter. In May 2010, Reddit was named in Lead411's "2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies" list.[85] In July 2010, after explosive traffic growth, Reddit introduced Reddit Gold, offering new features for a price of $3.99/month or $29.99/year.[86] Reddit Gold adds a number of features to the interface, including the ability to display more comments on a page, access to the private "lounge" subreddit, and notifications whenever one's username is mentioned in a comment. It's also possible to endow comments or submissions of other users and thereby give a gold membership to them as an anonymous present.[87]
On September 6, 2011, Reddit became operationally independent of Condé Nast, now operating as a separate subsidiary of its parent company, Advance Publications.[88] On January 11, 2012, Reddit announced that it would be participating in a 12-hour sitewide blackout in protest of the Stop Online Piracy Act.[89] The blackout occurred on January 18 and coincided with the blackouts of Wikipedia and several other websites. In May 2012, Reddit joined the Internet Defense League, a group formed to organize future protests.[90] On February 14, 2013, Reddit began accepting the digital currency bitcoin for its Reddit Gold subscription service through a partnership with bitcoin payment processor Coinbase.[91]
In October 2014, Reddit announced Redditmade, a service which allowed moderators to create merchandise for their subreddits. Redditmade closed in February 2015.[92] In November 2014, Chief Executive Yishan Wong resigned and co-founder Ohanian returned as the full-time executive chairman. Ellen Pao, Reddit's business and partnerships strategist became the interim chief executive.[93] On July 10, 2015, Pao resigned and was replaced by Steve Huffman as CEO.[94][95]
In October 2015, Reddit announced a news portal called Upvoted, designed to broaden the reach of Reddit as a standalone site featuring editorial content from Reddit users.[96] In April 2016, Reddit launched a new blocking tool in an attempt to curb online harassment. The tool allows a user to hide posts and comments from selected redditors in addition to blocking private messages from those redditors.[97] The option to block a redditor is done by clicking a button in the inbox. Technology
Reddit was originally written in Common Lisp but was rewritten in Python in December 2005.[4] The reasons given for the switch were wider access to code libraries and greater development flexibility. The Python web framework that former Reddit employee Swartz developed to run the site, web.py, is now available as an open-source project.[98] On June 18, 2008, Reddit became an open source project.[99] With the exception of the anti-spam/cheating portions, all of the code and libraries written for Reddit became freely available on GitHub.[100] As of November 10, 2009, Reddit uses Pylons as its web framework.[101]
As of November 10, 2009, Reddit has decommissioned their physical servers and migrated to Amazon Web Services.[102] Reddit uses PostgreSQL as their primary datastore and is slowly moving to Apache Cassandra, a column-oriented datastore. It uses RabbitMQ for offline processing, HAProxy for load balancing and memcached for caching. In early 2009, Reddit started using jQuery.[103] On June 7, 2010, Reddit staff launched a revamped mobile interface featuring rewritten CSS, a new color scheme, and a multitude of improvements.[104]
On July 21, 2010, Reddit outsourced the Reddit search engine to Flaptor, who used its search product IndexTank.[105] As of July 12, 2012, Reddit uses Amazon CloudSearch.[106] There are several unofficial applications that use the Reddit API in the Google Play store, and F-Droid repository. Examples include: Reddit is Fun,[107] Andreddit,[108] F5, BaconReader,[109] Reddit Sync[110] and an Android tablet specific application called Reddita.[111] There are also several Windows apps used to access Reddit, including unofficial Reddit apps such as ReddHub[112] and Reddit To Go!.[113] An unofficial desktop application Reditr[114] exists that is compatible with Windows, OS X, Linux and ChromeOS.
There are several Reddit applications for iOS. These include Karma, Upvote, iReddit, iPad-specific applications such as Reddzine and Biscuit, and, until April 2016, Alien Blue.[115] In September 2014, an official mobile application for browsing AMA (Ask Me Anything) threads was released for the iOS and Android platforms under the name Ask me Anything.[116] In October 2014, Alien Blue was acquired by Reddit and became the official iOS Reddit app.[117] In April 2016, Reddit released an official application called Reddit: The Official App, which is available on Google Play and the iOS App Store, and Alien Blue was removed from the App Store in favor of the new app.[118] Demographics
According to Reddit's Audience and Demographics page, as of December 2015, 53% of redditors are male and 54% are from the United States.[119] In 2013, Pewinternet stated that 6% of all American adult Internet users have used Reddit; that males were twice as likely to be redditors as females were; and that Reddit's largest age bracket was between the ages of 18 and 29.[120] As of the end of 2016, Reddit is the only major social media platform that does not have a female majority user base.[121] Community and culture
The website is known for its open nature and diverse user community that generate its content.[122] Its demographics allows for wide-ranging subject areas, or main subreddits, that receive much attention, as well as the ability for smaller subreddits to serve more niche purposes. For example, the University of Reddit, a subreddit that exists to communally teach, emerged from the ability to enter and leave the online forum, the "classroom", at will, and classes ranging from computer science to music, to fine art theory exist.[123] The unique possibilities that subreddits provide create new opportunities for raising attention and fostering discussion across many areas. In gaining popularity in terms of unique users per day, Reddit has been a platform for many to raise publicity for a number of causes. And with that increased ability to garner attention and a large audience, users can use one of the largest communities on the Internet for new, revolutionary, and influential purposes.[124]
Its popularity has enabled users to take unprecedented advantage of such a large community. Its innovative socially ranked rating and sorting system drives a method that is useful for fulfilling certain goals of viewership or simply finding answers to interesting questions. User sentiments about the website's function and structure include feelings about the breadth and depth of the discussions on Reddit and how the site makes it easy to discover new and interesting items. Almost all of the user reviews on Alexa.com, which rates Reddit's monthly unique traffic rating 125th in the United States, mention Reddit's "good content" as a likable quality. However, others raise the negative aspects of the potential for Reddit's communities to possess a "hive mind" of sorts,[125] embodying some negative aspects of group interaction theories like crowd psychology and collective consciousness. Philanthropic efforts
Reddit has been known as the instigator of several charity projects, some short and others long-term, in order to benefit others. A selection of major events are outlined below:
In early October 2010, a story was posted on Reddit about a seven-year-old girl, Kathleen Edward, who was in the advanced stages of Huntington's disease. The girl's neighbors were taunting her and her family. Redditors banded together and gave the girl a shopping spree[126][127] at Tree Town Toys, a toy store local to the story owned by a Reddit user. In early December 2010, members of the Christianity subreddit decided to hold a fundraiser[128] and later members of the atheism subreddit decided to give some friendly competition,[129] cross-promoting[130] fundraising drives for Doctors Without Borders and World Vision's Clean Water Fund, respectively. Later, the Islam subreddit joined in, raising money for Islamic Relief. In less than a week, the three communities (as well as the Reddit community at large) raised over $50,000.[131] Most of this was raised by the atheism subreddit, though the smaller Christianity subreddit had a higher average donation amount per subscriber.[132] A similar donation drive in 2011 saw the atheism subreddit raise over $200,000 for charity.[133] Reddit started the largest Secret Santa program in the world, which is still in operation to date. For the 2010 Holiday season, 92 countries were involved in the Secret Santa program. There were 17,543 participants, and $662,907.60 was collectively spent on gift purchases and shipping costs.[134][135][136] In 2014, about 200,000 users from 188 countries participated.[137] Several celebrities have participated in the program, including Bill Gates[138] and Snoop Dogg.[139] Eventually, the Secret Santa program expanded to various other occasions through Redditgifts. Members from Reddit donated over $600,000 to DonorsChoose in support of Stephen Colbert's March to Keep Fear Alive. The donation spree broke previous records for the most money donated to a single cause by the Reddit community and resulted in an interview with Colbert on Reddit.[140] Reddit users donated $185,356 to Direct Relief for Haiti after an earthquake devastated the nation in January 2010.[141] Reddit users donated over $70,000 to the Faraja Orphanage in the first 24 hours to help secure the orphanage after intruders robbed and attacked one of the volunteers, who survived a strike to the head from a machete.[142] In October 2012, "Shitty Watercolour", a popular Redditor known for posting watercolor paintings on the website,[143][144][145] streamed live a 12-hour painting session on YouTube to raise money for charity: water, a non-profit organization which aims to provide potable drinking water in developing countries. Redditors donated a minimum of $10 to have a photo of their choice painted in a 5 by 5 centimetres (2.0 by 2.0 in) square section of large sheets of paper.[146][147] The paint-a-thon raised $2,700.[148] In February 2014, Reddit announced it would be donating 10% of its annual ad revenue to non-profits voted upon by its users.[149] Reddit continued this policy for 2015, donating $82,765 each to Electronic Frontier Foundation, Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Doctors Without Borders, Erowid Center, Wikimedia Foundation, Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies, NPR, Free Software Foundation, Freedom From Religion Foundation, and Tor Project.[150] In response to the 2015 Nepal earthquake, redditors raised more than $145,000 for Direct Relief and more than $110,000 for MAP International.[151] 
Commercial activity
In February 2013, Betabeat published a post that recognized the influx of multi-national corporations like Costco, Taco Bell, Subaru, and McDonald's posting branded content on Reddit that was made to appear as if it was original content from legitimate Reddit users.[152] Reddit's former Director of Communications noted that while a large number of Chief Marketing Officers want to "infiltrate the reddit community on behalf of their brand," she emphasized that "self-promotion is frowned upon" and the site is "100 percent organic."[153][154][155][156] She recommended that advertisers design promotions that "spark conversations and feedback."[157] She recommended that businesses use AMAs to get attention for public figures but cautioned "It is important to approach AMAs carefully and be aware that this may not be a fit for every project or client."[158] Nissan ran a successful Branded content promotion offering users free gifts to publicize a new car,[159][160] though the company was later ridiculed for suspected astroturfing when the CEO only answered puff piece questions on the site.[161][162] Taylor described these situations as "high risk" noting "We try hard to educate people that they have to treat questions that may seem irreverent or out of left field the same as they would questions about the specific project they are promoting."[163]
Reddit's users are more privacy-conscious than on other websites, using tools like AdBlock and proxies,[164] and they hate "feeling manipulated by brands" but respond well to "content that begs for intelligent viewers and participants."[165] Lauren Orsini writes in ReadWrite that "Reddit's huge community is the perfect hype machine for promoting a new movie, a product release, or a lagging political campaign" but "very specific set of etiquette. Redditors don't want to advertise for you, they want to talk to you."[166] Journalists have used the site as a basis for stories, though they are advised by the site's policies to respect that "reddit's communities belong to their members" and to seek proper attribution for people's contributions.[167]
Reddit announced that they would begin using VigLink to redirect affiliate links in June 2016.[168] Reddit effect Main article: Slashdot effect
Also known as the "Slashdot effect", the Reddit effect occurs when a smaller website has a high influx of traffic after being linked to on Reddit.[169] It is also called the "Reddit Hug of Death" among the website's users. Because Reddit is such a large site, the traffic is immense and can easily crash smaller sites. In order for users to see crashed websites, several Reddit bots have been created that take a snapshot of the website before large amounts of traffic flood the affected website. "Restoring Truthiness" campaign
As a response to Glenn Beck's August 28, 2010, Restoring Honor rally (heavily promoted by him in his Fox News broadcasts during the summer), in September 2010 Reddit users started a movement to persuade satirist Stephen Colbert to have a counter-rally in Washington, D.C.[170] The movement, which came to be called "Restoring Truthiness", was started by user mrsammercer, in a post where he described waking up from a dream in which Stephen Colbert was holding a satirical rally in D.C.[171] He writes, "This would be the high water mark of American satire. Half a million people pretending to suspend all rational thought in unison. Perfect harmony. It'll feel like San Francisco in the late 60s, only we won't be able to get any acid."
The idea resonated with the Reddit community, which launched a campaign to bring the event to life. Over $600,000[172] was raised for charity to gain the attention of Colbert. The campaign was mentioned on-air several times, and when the Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear was held in Washington, D.C. on October 30, 2010, thousands of redditors made the journey.[173]
During a post-rally press conference, Reddit co-founder Ohanian asked, "What role did the Internet campaign play in convincing you to hold this rally?" Jon Stewart responded by saying that, though it was a very nice gesture, the two had already thought of the idea prior and the deposit on using the National Mall was already paid during the summer, so it acted mostly as a "validation of what we were thinking about attempting".[174] In a message to the Reddit community, Colbert later added, "I have no doubt that your efforts to organize and the joy you clearly brought to your part of the story contributed greatly to the turnout and success."[175] Controversies See also: Controversial Reddit communities and Michael Brutsch
The website generally lets moderators on individual subreddits make editorial decisions about what content to allow, and has a history of permitting some subreddits dedicated to controversial content.[176] Many of the default pages are highly moderated, with the "science" subreddit banning climate change denialism,[177] and the "news" subreddit banning opinion pieces and columns.[178] Reddit has changed its site-wide editorial policies several times, sometimes in reaction to controversies.[179][180][181][182] Reddit has had a history of giving a platform to objectionable but legal content, and in 2011, news media covered the way that jailbait was being shared on the site before the site changed their policies to explicitly ban "suggestive or sexual content featuring minors".[183] Following some controversial incidents of Internet vigilantism, Reddit introduced a strict rule against the publication of non-public personally-identifying information via the site (colloquially known as doxxing). Those who break the rule are subject to a site-wide ban, and their posts and even entire communities may be removed for breaking the rule. 2010
On December 16, 2010, a redditor named Matt posted a link describing how he has donated a kidney, and included a JustGive link to encourage users to give donations to the American Cancer Society.[184] After an initially positive reaction, Reddit users began to become suspicious of Matt's intentions, and suggested that he was keeping the donations for himself. Users telephoned his home and he received death threats. Matt eventually proved that he was genuine by uploading his doctor's records.[185] 2011
On October 18, 2011, an IT manager submitted a post to the subreddit "gameswap" offering Redditors to trade one of 312 codes he had been given for the game Deus Ex: Human Revolution.[186] A group of users obtained his personal details, and began to blackmail him for the codes.[187] The Monday after uploading the post, he received 138 threatening phone calls both at home and at his job, and by the end of the day he had been fired.[188] 2013
Following the 2013 Boston Marathon bombings, Reddit faced criticism after users wrongly identified a number of people as suspects.[189] Notable among misidentified bombing suspects was Sunil Tripathi, a student reported missing before the bombings took place. A body reported to be Sunil's was found in Providence River in Rhode Island on April 25, 2013, according to Rhode Island Health Department. The cause of death was not immediately known, but authorities said they did not suspect foul play.[190] The family later confirmed Tripathi's death was a result of suicide.[191] Reddit general manager Martin later issued an apology for this behavior, criticizing the "online witch hunts and dangerous speculation" that took place on the website.[192] The incident was later referenced in the season 5 episode of the CBS TV series The Good Wife titled "Whack-a-Mole,"[193] as well as The Newsroom.[194][195]
In late October 2013, the moderators of the "politics" subreddit banned a large group of websites. Many were left wing opinion websites, such as Mother Jones, The Huffington Post, Salon, Alternet, Rawstory, The Daily Kos, Truthout, Media Matters, and ThinkProgress as well as some popular progressive blog sites, such as Democratic Underground and Crooks and Liars. They also banned a number of right wing sites—Drudge Report, Breitbart, The Daily Caller, Dailypaul, Power Line, and Reason. Salon reported that "the section's moderators explained in a post on Tuesday, the goal is 'to reduce the number of blogspam submissions and sensationalist titles.' The purge, the moderators explained, is also aimed at sites that provide lots of "bad journalism."[196] The December 2013 list of banned websites has been modified since late October, and sites with original content, such as Mother Jones and The Huffington Post, are allowed.[197] Moderators also banned RT, which moderators stated was due to vote manipulation and spam, though one moderator stated that he wanted RT banned because it is Kremlin backed.[198][199] 2014
In August 2014, photos from the 2014 celebrity photo hack were widely disseminated across the site.[200][201] A dedicated subreddit, "TheFappening," was created for this purpose,[202] and contained links to most if not all of the criminally obtained explicit images.[203][204][205][206][207] Some images of Liz Lee and McKayla Maroney from the leak were identified by redditors and outside commentators as child pornography because the photos were taken when the women were underage.[208] The subreddit was banned on September 6.[209] The scandal led to wider criticisms concerning the website's administration from The Verge and The Daily Dot.[210][211]
Also in August 2014, moderators and administrators censored a sizeable amount of content related to the GamerGate controversy; one thread in the "gaming" subreddit had almost 24,000 comments removed.[212] Multiple subreddits were deleted by administrators for voicing opinions on Zoe Quinn, Anita Sarkeesian, Brianna Wu and similarly important GamerGate controversy figures.[213] The subreddit "ZoeQuinnDiscussion" was banned for violating the Reddit rules.[214] Administrators defended this response when questioned, blaming 4chan for raiding threads and causing harm. This was debated by some redditors.[215] An anonymous subreddit moderator claims he was removed for leaking correspondence between himself and Zoe Quinn.[216] On December 18, 2014, Reddit took the unusual step of banning a subreddit, "SonyGOP," that was being used to distribute hacked Sony files.[217] 2015
After Ellen Pao became CEO, she was initially a target of criticism by users who objected to her lawsuit.[218] Later on June 10, 2015, Reddit shut down the 150,000-subscriber "fatpeoplehate" subreddit and four others citing issues related to harassment.[219] This move was seen as very controversial; some commenters said that the bans went too far, while others said that the bans did not go far enough.[220] One of the latter complaints concerned a subreddit that was "expressing support" for the perpetrator of the Charleston church shooting.[221] Responding to the accusations of "skewed enforcement", Reddit reaffirmed their commitment to free expression and stated that "There are some subreddits with very little viewership that get highlighted repeatedly for their content, but those are a tiny fraction of the content on the site."
On July 2, 2015, Reddit began experiencing a series of blackouts as moderators set popular subreddit communities to private, in an event dubbed "AMAgeddon," a portmanteau of AMA ("ask me anything") and Armageddon. This was done in protest of the recent firing of Victoria Taylor, an administrator who helped organize citizen-led interviews with famous people on the popular "Ask me Anything" subreddit. Organizers of the blackout also expressed resentment about the recent severance of the communication between Reddit and the moderators of subreddits.[222] The blackout intensified on July 3 when former community manager David Croach gave an AMA about being fired. Before deleting his